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Glossary of Chapter 5 English Vocabulary Definitions

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indigent
impoverished; needy
scapegoat
someone/something that is innocently made to bear the blame or punishment for the sins or misdeeds of others
gloat
to regard with excessive or malicious satisfaction
conjecture
-a conclusion based on inadequate evidence; a guess
-to conclude from inadequate evidence; to guess
schism
a split or division within the ranks of an organization
scrutinize
to examine closely or critically
gape
to stare openmouthed in amazement; to open wide
inception
the beginning of something
ingenious
showing remarkable originality, imagination, inventiveness, or skill; clever
secular
not religious; pertaining to worldly (as opposed to spiritual) matters; pertaining to the state
goad
-a long pointed stick used for driving animals; anything that spurs a person on
-to drive or urge on
garble
to distort in such a way as to make unintelligible
coerce
to force someone to do something against his or her will by using undue pressure, threats, intimidation, or physical violence
cogent
forceful and convincing; to the point
cohere
to hold or stick together; to fit together in an orderly, logical, and unified whole
collaborate
-to work together on some kind of joint project
-to cooperate with the enemy in some kind of treasonable activity
compatible
-capable of use with some other brand or model
-capable of living or getting along with others
complacent
overly self-satisfied; smug
concise
saying a lot in a few words
condone
to overlook or disregard an offense, thereby implying forgiveness, acceptance, or possible approval of it
confrontation
a face-to-face encounter, usually (but not always) suggesting a hostile or defiant attitude
graphic
-relating to a drawn or pictorial representation; visual
-giving a clear and effective picture; vivid
senile
showing the signs of old age, especially advanced mental or physical deterioration
innovation
something new; a change
inherent
existing as a natural or essential part of

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