Glossary of Chapter 4 The Human Body
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- All descriptions of the body start with the assumption that the body is in the:
- anatomical position.
- The term medial refers to a position on the body:
closer to the midline.
closer to the mid-axillary line.
farther away from the midline.
farther away from the mid-axillary line.
- closer to the midline.
- When the body is divided into front and back halves, the front half of the body is called:
- Some respiratory distress patients feel better if the head of the stretcher is raised so the body is at a 45- to 60-degree angle. This is known as:
the recovery position.
- Fowler''s position.
- The body system responsible for providing movement is the:
- musculoskeletal system.
- The five divisions of the spine, in order from top to bottom, are:
cervical, abdominal, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx.
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx.
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, pelvic, and coccyx.
- cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccyx.
- The thorax contains several important structures, including:
all of the above.
- the heart.
- The ischium, pubis, and acetabulum are all parts of the:
- The large thighbone is called the:
- The bones of the fingers and the bones of the toes have the same name. They are called the:
- The two bones that form the lower arm are the:
tibia and fibula.
carpal and metacarpal.
radius and ulna.
tarsal and metatarsal.
- radius and ulna
- There are three types of muscle in the body, including:
- The type of muscle that is under conscious control of the brain via the nervous system is the:
- voluntary muscle.
- The tube that carries inhaled air from the larynx down toward the lungs is the:
- The respiratory anatomy of infants and children differs from that of adults in several ways, including that:
a child's airway is less easily obstructed, because it is more flexible.
the tongue of an infant is proportionally larger
- the tongue of an infant is proportionally larger than an adult's.
- Which of the following statements is true regarding the cardiovascular system?
All four chambers of the heart contract at once, pumping blood to the lungs and the body.
All arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart.
- The ventricles contract slightly after the atria.
- Blood in the ventricle is prevented from being forced back up into the atrium when the ventricle contracts by:
the pressure maintained in the circulatory system.
the dilation and contraction of the blood vessels in the body.
- a one-way valve between the atrium and the ventricle.
- Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called:
- The aorta begins with its attachment to the heart and continues inferiorly in front of the spine. It splits into two arteries at the:
level of the diaphragm.
level of the navel.
evel of the p
- level of the navel.
- The components of the blood that carry oxygen to the tissues are the:
- The pulse you feel at your patient's wrist is a result of the:
left ventricle contracting.
right ventricle contracting.
left ventricle relaxing.
- left ventricle contracting
- Pressure created in arteries by blood forced into the circulation by the heart contracting is called:
diastolic blood pressure.
systolic blood pressure.
- systolic blood pressure.
- The nerves that carry messages from the brain to the body are the:
- motor nerves
- The division of the nervous system that controls involuntary motor functions and affects digestion and heart rate is the:
central nervous system.
motor nervous system.
sensory nervous system.
- autonomic nervous system.
- The layer of skin that contains no blood vessels or nerves is the:
- The production of insulin and epinephrine takes place within the:
- endocrine system
- Food enters the digestive system by way of the:
- The duodenum, jejunum, and ileum are components of the:
- small intestine.
- Which of the following is NOT an organ that assists in the breakdown of food?
- The _________ is best known for its ability to produce insulin, which assists in the regulation of sugar in the bloodstream.
- One of the major functions of the large intestine involves removal of old blood cells.
The large intestine primarily removes water from waste products as they move toward elimination from the body.
- Each shoulder consists of several bones: the clavicle, the scapula, and the acromion process.
The human shoulder contains three bone structures: the proximal humerus, the scapula, and the clavicle.
- The spleen filters blood.
- There are four types of muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac, smooth, and involuntary.
- Unlike all other arteries, the pulmonary artery carries oxygen-poor blood.
The pulmonary artery begins at the right ventricle and carries oxygen-poor blood to the lungs. You may notice that this is an exception to the rule that states that arteries carry oxygen-rich blood and veins carry oxygen-poor blood.
- A tendon is a tissue that connects bone to bone.
- Your patient is lying flat on his back in bed. He is in the supine position.
- The ability of the heart to create its own electrical impulses is called automaticity.
- A midline is a flat surface formed when slicing through a solid object.
The midline is an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body, dividing it into right and left halves.
- It is within the small intestines that the majority of nutrients are removed from food and transferred to into the bloodstream.
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