Glossary of Chapter 3 UCCP US History Terms
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- The Enlightenment
- Eighteenth Century movement that emphasized science and reason to improve society
- Jonathan Edwards
- A Northhampton, Massachusetts preacher who energized followers creating The Great Awakening. He preached the famous sermon "Sinners In The Hands Of An Angry God" in 1741.
- George Whitefield
- A popular young English minister who toured 7 times during The Great Awakening between 1738 and 1770.
- The Great Awakening
- Religious revival in the American colonies in the 1730s and 1740s.
- "Old Lights"
- people who were not affected by The Great Awakening
- "New Lights"
- Religious people during The Great Awakening who gave into the new emerging ideas such as emotionalism.
- Slave codes
- codes by which slaves had to abide by that limited things the slaves could do in nearly every aspect
- The French and Indian War
- War from 1754 to 1863 between France (with allied Indian nations) and Britain and its colonists, for control of eastern North America.
- Marquis Duquesne
- a French governor of Canada who sent an expedition of 1,500 men to occupy the Ohio country
- The Proclamation of 1763
- order by the British king that closed the region west of the Appalachian Mountains to all settlement by colonists
- The belief that God exists but is not involved in the world. It maintains that God created all things and set the universe in motion and is no longer involved in its operation
- French Protestants
- John Locke and Sir Isaac Newton
- two revolutionary English thinkers who greatly influenced The Enlightenment in Anglo-America
- Fort Duquesne
- Fort Duquesne was a fort established by the French in 1754, at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown Pittsburgh in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
- Elmina is a town on the Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana, lying west of Cape Coast. It grew around St George El Mina Castle, built by the Portuguese in 1482, and was Portugal's West African headquarters (mostly used for the slave trade) until the Dutch West Indian Company captured it in 1637. The city remained in Dutch hands until 1872, when it was ceded to the English.
- Salem witch trials
- The prosecution and execution of 20 women and men for witchcraft in Massachusetts in 1692.
- Religious pluralism
- belief that one can overcome religious differences between different religions, and denominational conflicts within the same religion
- Indentured servants
- person who agrees to work for another person for a specified period of time, usually seven years, under a contract, in return for transportation, food, and shelter
- Half-Way Covenant
- When it was formally adopted in 1662 the Half-Way Covenant provided limited membership in the Puritan church. "Half-Way" members and their children could be baptized, but were not originally allowed to take communion or have a voice in church affairs. Without the Half-Way Covenant, third-generation children would remain unbaptized until their parents experienced conversion.
- Nathaniel Bacon
- January 2, 1646 or 1647 - October 26,1676) was a colonist and plantation owner of the Virginia Colony of Jamestown, famous for his "Virginia Rebellion", commonly known as Bacon's Rebellion, which ended in the burning of Jamestown to the ground. The rebellion collapsed after Bacon died of an illness.
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