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Glossary of Chapter 2 of Quick and Easy MT-Combining Forms and suffixes

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Surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
-centesis
Excision (surgical removal or cutting out)
-ectomy
Process of loosening, freeing, or destroying
-lysis
Surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)
-pexy
Surgical repair
-plasty
Suture (uniting a wound by stitches)
-rrhaphy
Visual examination with a lighted instrument (this is not always a surgical procedure)
-scopy
Formation of an opening
-stomy
An instrument used for cutting
-tome
Incision (cutting into tissue)
-tomy
Surgical Crushing
-tripsy
Gland
aden/o
Vessel
angi/o
Appendix
append/o,
appendic/o
Eyelid
blephar/o
Heart
cardi/o
Brain
cerebr/o,
encephal/o

(cerebr/o sometimes means cerebrum, the main portion of the brain)
Hand
chir/o
Colon or large intestine
col/o
Skin
cutane/o,
derm/a,
dermat/o
Face
faci/o
Breast
mamm/o,
mast/o
Nerve
neur/o
Eye
ophthalm/o
Bone
oste/o
Ear
ot/o
Tonsil
tonsill/o
Trachea (windpipe)
trache/o
Vessel; ductus deferens (also called vas deferens, excretory duct of the testicle)
vas/o
Pain
-algia,
-dynia
Hernia (protusion of all or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that contains it)
-cele
Dilation (dilation, enlargement) or stretching of a structure or part
-ectasia,
-ectasis
Swelling
-edema
Vomitting
-emesis
Condition of the blood
-emia
Condition
-ia,
-iasis
Inflammation
-itis
Stone or calculus
-lith
Soft, softening
-malacia
Excessive preoccupation
-mania
Enlargement
-megaly
Resembling
-oid
(forms adjectives and nouns)
Tumor
-oma
Condition (often an abnormal condition; sometimes, an increase)
-osis
Disease
-pathy
Deficiency
-penia
Abnormal fear
-phobia
Prolapse (sagging)
-ptosis
Excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
-rrhage,
-rrhagia
Flow or discharge
-rrhea
Rupture
-rrhexis
Twitching,
Cramp
-spasm
Stopping,
Controlling
-stasis
Capable of,
Able to
-able,
-ible
Pertaining to
-ac, -al, -an, -ar, -ary,
-eal, -ic, -ive, -tic
Enzyme
-ase
One who
-er,
-ist
Membrane
-eum,
-ium
Condition or theory
-ia,
-ism
One who suffers
-iac
One who studies; specialist
-logist
Study or science of
-logy
Vision
-opia
Sugar
glyc/o
Pertaining to or characterized by
-ous
State or condition
-y
Starch
amyl/o
Blood
hemat/o
Milk
lact/o
Fat
lip/o
Stone
lith/o
Small
micro-
Mucus
muc/o
Protein
prote/o,
protein/o
Fire
pyr/o

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