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Glossary of Chapter 2 World History

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a land in a region of the Middle East that was named for its rich soils and golden wheat feilds
Fertile Crescent
means between the rivers, and is the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Mesopotamia
a large stepped platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to the city's chief god or goddess
Ziggurat
a writing where scribes would make wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets
Cuneiform
king of babylon who brought much of Mesopotamia under his control
Hammurabi
to arrange and set down in writing
Codify
private rights and matters.
ex. business contracts, property inherence, taxes, mirrages, and divorce
Civil Law
Offenses against each other.
ex. robbery, assault, or murder
Criminal Law
A ruling family
Dynasty
a system of government that includes different job functions and levels of authority
Bureaucracy
Egyptian Kings
Pharaohs
tomb made for egyptian kings
Pyramids
the preservation of dead bodies by embalming them and wrapping them in cloth
Mummification
a system where symbols or pictures represent objects, concepts, or sounds
Hieroglyphics
writing material that is made from a plant that grows along the banks of the nile
Papyrus

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