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Glossary of Chapter 2 - Chemistry principles and reactions - masterson and hurley

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These take the name of the METAL from which they are derived. Examples are NA+ and K+
Monatomic Cations
Sodium
Potassium
some of these elements are exceptions to the rule of monatomic cation nomenclature, when more than one cation can be formed
Transition and post transition metals
FE[2+] = Iron(II)
FE[3+] = Iron(III)
Monatomic Anions are named by adding the suffix ___ to the stem of the name of the NONMETAL from which they are derived
-ide
O[2-] Oxide
S[2-] Sulfide
Se[2-] Selinide
Polyatomic Ions containing Oxygen are called ________
Oxoanions
When a nonmetal forms two oxoanions, ___ is the suffix used for the ONE oxoanion with MORE oxygen.
-ate
NO3[-] Nitrate
SO4[2-] Sulfate
When a nonmetal forms two oxoanions, ___ is the suffix used for the anion with FEWER oxygen atoms
-ite
NO2[-]
SO3[2-]
CLO2[-] Chlorite
Ionic Compounds are named first with the ______ and then with the ________
Cation - Anion
Cations of Transition and post transition Metals
NH4[+]
Ammonium
Cations of Transition and post transition Metals
Hg2[+2]
Mercury(I)
Cations of Transition and post transition Metals
OH[-]
Hydroxide
Cations of Transition and post transition Metals
NO3[-]
Nitrate
Cations of Transition and post transition Metals
CLO3[-]
Chlorate

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