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Glossary of Chapter 2: Nouns of the Third Declension

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-amphi,ampho
on both sides, around, both;prefix
-ana
up, back, against; prefix
-apo
away from; prefix
-cata
downward, disordered; prefix
-dia, di before vowel
through, across, apart; prefix
-eso
within, inner, inward; prefix
-eu
good, normal, healthy; prefix
-heter, hetero
different, other, relationship to another; prefix
-homo, homeo
same, likeness; prefix
-meta, met before vowel or h
change, transformation, after, behind; prefix
-para, often par before a vowel
alongside, around, abnormal, beyond; prefix
-pro
before; prefix
-pros, prosth
in place of; prefix
-al
pertaining to, located in; adjecting forming suffix
-ase
forms names of enzymes; suffix
-asia, asis
state, condition; noun forming suffix
-ema
state, condition; noun forming suffix
-esis
state, condition, procedure; noun forming suffix
-etic
pertaining to; adjective forming suffix
-ics, tics
science or study of; noun forming suffix
-ism
state, condition, quality; noun forming suffix
-ismus
state, condition, muscular spasm; noun forming suffix
-oid(rarely), ode, id
idicating a particular shape, form, or resemblance: like, resembling; noun and adjective forming suffix
-oma
usually tumor, occasionally disease; noun forming suffix
-ose
names of chemical substances: full of, resembling; Latin derived adjective forming suffix
-ous
pertaining to, characterized by, full of; Latin derived adjective forming suffix
-tics
see -ics
-us
condition, person(sometimes malformed fetus); Latin noun forming suffix
-ize
to make, become, cause to be, subject to, engage in; Greek derived verb forming suffix
-ate
form names of chemical substances
-ide
form names of chemical substances
-ite
form names of chemical substances
-one
form names of chemical substances
-coli
usually refer to the colon bacillus
-cyst(i)
usually refer to the urinary bladder
-cholecyst
refer to gallbladder
-acr
highest point, extremeties(particularly the hands and feet); combining form
-ambly
dull, faint; combining form
-carcin
(crab), carcinoma, cancer; combining form
-cel
hernia, tumor, swelling; combining form
-cheir, chir
hand; combining form
-chol(e)
bile, gall; combining form
-col(i), colon
colon; combining form
-cyan
blue; combining form
-cyst(i), cystis
bladder,cyst, urinary bladder; combining form
-diplo
double, twin; combining form
-enter
(small) intestine; combining form
-erg
action, work; combining form
-gastr
stomach; combining form
-hem, hemat, em
blood; combining form
-hepar, hepat
liver; combining form
-lip
fat; combining form
-macr
(abnormally) large or long; combining form
-mega, megal
(abnormally) large or long; combining form
-melan
dark, black; combining form
-micr
(abnormally) small; combining form
-nyct
night; combining form
-odyn
pain; combining form
-onc
tumor; combining form
-pachy
thick; combining form
-pseud
false; combining form
-py
pus; combining form
-sarc
flesh, soft tissue; combining form
-spasm
spasm, involuntary muscular contraction; combining form
-splen
spleen; combining form
-stom stomat
mouth, opening; combining form

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