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- Election of 1920
- In the election of 1920, Calvin Coolidge (republican), John W. Davis (democrat), and Robert M. La Follette ran for presidency. Coolidge won with 15.7 million and won in the electorial college. The election was important because not only did the republicans but only 52% of the electorate cast their ballots.
- Teapot Dome
- The Teapot Dome Scandal involved the secret leasing of government oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming. This scandal was important because Albert Fall, secretary of interior, was convicted and for the first time in American History a cabinet officer was sentenced to prison.
- Calvin Coolidge
- Calvin Coolidge became president in 1924. He was important because he did not intervene in free markets and let business cycles run their course, he lowered taxes and reduced national debt.
- “Welfare capitalism”
- Welfare Capitalism is a system of labor relations that stressed management’s responsibility for employee’s wellbeing. This was important because corporations offered stock plans, health insurance, old age pension plans and welfare capitalism lowered chances of workers to strike or form unions.
- Dawes Plan (1924)
- The Dawes Plan of 1924 was a plan between France, Great Britain, Germany and the U.S. to promote financial stability. This involved American banks loaning to Germany so Germany could pay for war reparations. The plan was important because it helped Germany pay reparations and yet it put U.S. economy in danger.
- Washington Naval Conference
- Washington Naval Conference held in 1921, was a meeting with U.S, Japan, Britain, Italy and France to discuss about naval arms. The conference was important because it set a ratio of shipbuilding of 5 to 5 to 5 to 3 to 1.75 to 1.75 respectively; this was so to prevent future wars.
- Kellogg-Briand Pact
- The Kellogg-Briand Pact was agreement between the U.S. and many other nations (15 total; the 48 more later) to condemn militarism. The Kellogg-Briand Pact was important because the countries who signed agreed to stay out of war.
- Consumer culture
- Consumer Culture involved Americans gaining new household appliance (vacuums, toasters, automobiles, etc), this is important because it developed a new culture away from traditional American culture.
- Commercial radio
- Commercial radio became a past time for many Americans. They would listen to sport events and advertisements. It was important because it persuaded people to buy productions.
- National Origins Act
- The National Origins Act reduced immigration until 1927 to 2% of each nationality. It was important because it limited immigration once 20% were already filled.
- Ku Klux Klan
- 1.The Ku Klux Klan was a group of southerners who gathered to revive the racist organization. Yet the organization soon declined but was important because they were able to get members of the Klan to join politics.
- Prohibition was banning liquor yet this caused others to make their own alcohol. Prohibition was important because it failed and the 18th amendment was repealed because government wanted to make money out of it.
- Harlem Renaissance
- Harlem Renaissance was a movement which championed racial pride and cultural identity for African Americans. This was important since with it came Jazz, novels and poems that influenced black self expression.
- Universal Negro Improvement Association is an association that wanted blacks to return to Africa because they would never be treated justly. It was important because it soon collapsed because the leader, Marcus Harvey, was convicted for mail fraud.
- Scopes “monkey trials”
- The scopes “monkey trial” was when John T. Scopes as high school biology teacher influenced ACLU to challenge the constitutionality of the Tennessee law which denied teaching theories that denied man’s creation in the bible. It was important because it ruled guilty and influenced many people.
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