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Glossary of Chapter 21: Concepts of Growth and Development

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Accommodation
a process of change whereby cognitive processes mature sufficiently to allow a person to solve problems that were previously unsolvable
Adaptation
the process of modifying to meet new, changing, or different conditions
Adaptive mechanism
earned behaviors that assist an individual to adjust to the environment
Cognitive development
refers to the manner in which people learn to think, reason, and use language
Defense mechanism
any reaction that serves to protect against something physically or psychologically harmful
Development
an individual's increasing capacity and skill in functioning, related to growth
Developmental task
skill or behavior pattern learned during stages of development
Ego
includes consciousness and memory which serves to mediate between primitive instinctual drives (id), internal social prohibitions (superego), and reality
Fixation
immobilization or the inability of the personality to proceed to the next developmental stage because of anxiety
Growth
physical change and increase in size
Libido
urge or desire for sexual activity
Moral behavior
the way a person perceives the requirements necessary for people to live together and how he or she responds to them
Moral development
the pattern of change in moral behavior with age
Morality
a doctrine or system denoting what is right and wrong in conduct, character, or attitude
Personality
the outward expression of the inner self
Superego
the conscience of personality; the source of feelings of guilt, shame, and inhibition
Unconscious mind
the mental life of a person of which the person is unaware
Moral
relating to right and wrong
Assimilation
see Acculturation

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