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Glossary of Chapter 1 Physiological Psychology

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Cerebral Cortex
Heavily folded outer layer of brain tissue composed of neurons
Gyri
bumps on the folded surface
Sulci
grooves of the cortex
Hemispheres
2 sides of the cerebral cortex or the cerebellum
Temporal Lobe
Cortex lying below the lateral fissure, beneath the temporal bone at the side of the skull
Frontal Lobe
Cortex anterior to the central sulcus and beneath the frontal bone of the skull
Parietal Lobe
Cortex posterior to the central sulcus, beneath the temporal bone at the top of the skull
Occipital Lobe
Cortex at the back of the brain and beneath the occipital bone of the skull
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord
Spinal Cord
Part of the CNS encased within the vertebrae or spinal column

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