Glossary of Chapter 19: A World in Flames, 1934—1941

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Reconstruction Finance
Corporation (RFC)
A government agency set up during the Depression which transitioned to making loans to companies to help them cover the cost of converting to war production.
Selective Service and Training
The first peacetime draft proposed by the US Congress in 1940 after Germany defeated France.
Chester Nimitz
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during WWII who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese Navy (1885-1966)
Douglas MacArthur
United States general who commanded the Allied forces in the South Pacific during WWII; he presided over the surrender of Japan (1880-1964)
James Doolittle
United States Army general who fought in WWI & WWII and was the commander of the famous Doolittle Raid over Japan in WWII (1898-1993)
George Patton
An American general who led US forces in various WWII campaigns, particularly Africa.
Rosie the Riveter
The symbol of the campaign to hire women for factory work came from a character in a popular song.
A. Philip Randolph
Socialist active in the labor movement and the US civil rights movement. He proposed a march on Washington to protest racial discrimination in the armed forces.
Allied invasion of Normandy, France, on June 6, 1944
Battle in WWII in the Pacific (1942-43) where the island was occupied by the Japanese and later recaptured by American forces under General MacArthur.
Battle of the Bulge
A battle in WWII where the Germans launched a powerful counteroffensive & caught the Allies by surprise in December 1944.
V-E Day
May 8,1945, which was the date of the Allied victory in Europe, WWII.
V-J Day
August 15, 1945, which was the date of the Allied victory over Japan, WWII.
United Nations
An organization of independent countries formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security.
a government contract to pay a manufacturer the cost to produce an item plus a guaranteed percentage.
Liberty ship
basic cargo ship used by the US during WWII.
to deprive of the right to vote.
the outer boundary of something
convoy system
a system in which merchant ships travel with naval vessels for protection
a new industrial region in southern California and the Deep South developing during WWII.
victory gardens
gardens planted by American citizens during war to raise vegetables for home use, leaving more for the troops.
an amphibious tractor used to move troops from ships to shore
during WWII, a Japanese suicide pilot whose mission was to crash into his target
a jellied gasoline used for bombs
a constitution

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