Glossary of Chapter 14, Psychology by Myers 7th Edition
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- Aerobic exercise?
- Sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety.
- A system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension.
- Health psychology?
- A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine.
- The two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections: T lymphocytes form in the thymus and, among other duties, attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances.
- Psychopsysiological illness?
- Literally, "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches. Note: This is distinct from hypochondriasis - misinterpreting normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease.
- Complementary and alternative medicine?
- Unproven health care treatments not taught widely in medical schools, not used in hospitals, and not usually reimbursed by insurance companies.
- Behavioral medicine?
- An interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease.
- The process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging.
- General adaption syndrome (GAS)?
- Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages - alarm, resistance, exhaustion.
- Coronary heart disease?
- The clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries.
- Type A?
- Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people.
- Type B?
- Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people.
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