Glossary of Chapter 11 Questions

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The phase of a clinical trial that requires an experimental design is:
Phase III
If a researcher wanted to determine how well a prenatal program was meeting its objectives of reducing low birth weight, the research would be a(n):
An experimental design is most likely to be used in a(n):
Impact analysis
Qualitative data are most likely to be collected in a(n):
Process analysis
The type of research designed to document the effectiveness of health care and nursing services in a broad sense is called:
Outcomes research
Suppose a nurse researcher wanted to know whether a self-administered health history questionnaire yielded data of comparable quality to a personal interview on health history. The researcher would be doing a(n):
Methodologic study
The U.S. census is an example of a(n):
If a nurse researcher used U.S. census data to examine the relationship between women's labor force participation and childbearing, this would be an example of a:
Secondary analysis
In survey research, the approach that typically is least expensive is:
Mailed questionnaires
Which of the following could involve either qualitative or quantitative data? A secondary analysis, A case study,A methodologic study,All of the above
All of the above
The use of both qualitative and quantitative data in a study or cluster of studies serves the important purpose of:
Enhancing the study's validity
The blending of qualitative and quantitative data collection and analyses in a single study constitutes a form of:
The black box refers to:
The underlying, unmeasured causes or mediators of the observed effects of an intervention
Which of the following types of studies could be designed to effectively combine qualitative and quantitative methods? A)An evaluation B)An ethnography C)A methodologic study
D)All of the above
D)All of the above
Randomized clinical trials of an intervention usually follow a development and pilot-testing phase.
Clinical trials can sometimes be referred to as evaluations.
An outcome analysis yields information about the net effects of an intervention.
Cost analyses are often conducted in conjunction with impact analyses.
“Black box” questions most often arise in the context of an evaluation of a complex intervention.
Outcomes research requires an experimental or quasi-experimental design.
The NOC system is an example of a research-based classification system of outcomes of nursing actions.
A survey researcher collects descriptive information about the status quo of a situation.
One of the limitations of survey research is that the approach lends itself only to the collection of objective facts.
Personal interviews generally yield information of greater depth and quality than information from mailed questionnaires.
When data from prior research are reanalyzed by a researcher, the type of approach is a secondary analysis.
The development of a new instrument to measure an important nursing construct would be an example of a secondary analysis.
Qualitative and quantitative research have complementary strengths and weaknesses.
Qualitative data are more profitably integrated into studies that are basically quantitative than vice versa.
The use of qualitative methods as a preliminary step in the development of structured instruments is an approach to building validity into the instruments.
Most nursing research involves a multimethod approach.

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