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Glossary of Chapter 11 Genitourinary System

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cortex
outter layer of an organ or body structure
electrolytes
minreal salts (sodium, pottassium, and calcium) that carry an electic charge in solution
erythropoietin (EPO)
Glycoprotein hormone produced by certain cells in the kidney
libido
sexual desire or drive, either conscious or unconsious
meatus
an opening or passage though any part of the body
medulla
inner or central portion of an organ
micturition
the discharge if urine; urination
nitrogenous wastes
products of cellular metabolism that contains nitrogen
orfice
opening, entrance, or outlet of any body cavity
percutaneous
procedure performed through the skin, as in a biopsy
reflux
backward or return flow of fluid, such as a vesicoureteral reflux. where urine backs up into the pelvis.
urea
priniple nitrogenous end product of protein metabolism excreted in urine and perspiration
cyst/o

vesic/o
bladder
glomerul/o
glomerulus
lith/o
stone, calculus
meat/o
opening, meatus
nephr/o

ren/o
kidney
peritone/o
peritoneum
pyle/o
renal pelvis
ur/o
urine
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
andr/o
male
balan/o
glans penis
epididym/o
epididymis
orcho/o
orchi/o
orchid/o
test/o
testis
prostat/o
prostate gland
spermat/o

sperm/o
spermatozoa, sperm cell
vas/o
vessel; vas deferens; duct
varic/o
dialted vein
vesicul/o
seminal vesicle
albumin/o
albumin, protein
azot/o
nitrogenous compunds
bacteri/o
bacteria
crypt/o
hidden
gonad/o
gonads, sex glands
kal/i
potsssium
kenton/o
ketone bodies
noct/o
night
olig/o
scanty
py/o
pus
-cide
killing
-genesis
forming, producing. origin
-iasis
abnormal condotion
-ism
condition
-spadias
slit, fissure
-uria
urine
dia-
through, across
retro-
backward, behind
anuria
absence of urine production or unrinary output
azotemia
retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compunds in the blood; also called uremia
chronic renal faliure
renal faliure that occures over a period of years, in which the kidneys lose their ablity to maintain volume and compostion of body fluids with normal dietary intake.
dysuria
painful or diffuclut urination
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontience
fistula
abnormal passge from a hollow organ to the surface on from onr organ to another
frequency
voiding at frequent intervals
hesitancy
involuntary delay in initation urination
nephrotic syndrome
loss of large amounts of plasma protein, usually albumin, by way of urine, due to increased peremeability of the glomerular membrane
nocturia
excessive or frequent urination after going to bed
oliguria
dimished capactity to form and pass urine so that the end products if metabolism cannot be excreted efficently
urgency
feeling of the need to void immediatly
urolithiasis
presence of stones in any urinary structure
Wilms tumor
rapidly develping malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usally occurs in children
anorchidism
congenital absence of one or both testes; also called anorchia or anorchism
aspermia
faliure to form or ejeculate semen
balantis
inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis
epispadias
malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis
erectile dysfunction
repeated inability to get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse
hydrocele
accumulation of serious fluid in a saclike cavity, especially the testes and associated structues
hypospadias
developmental anomaly in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis or, in extreme cases, on the perineum
phimosis
stenosis or narrowing of preputial orfice so that foreskin cannot be retracted over the glans penis
sterility
inabiity to produce offspring; in the male, in ability to fertilize the ovum
varicocele
swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cordh

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