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Glossary of Chapter 10 - The Nervous System

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NEUR/I, NEUR/O
nerve or pertaining to nerve tissue
GANGLI/O, GANGLION/O
ganglion
PLEX/O
plexus or network
DENDR/O
branching or resembling a tree
AX/O
an axis or mainstem
SYNAPS/O, SYNAPT/O
a point of contact
GLI/O
glue
ENCEPHAL/O
brain
MENING/O, MENINGI/O
meninges
DUR/O
dura mater
EPI-
upper, above, or upon
SUB-
below
CEREBR/O
cerebrum or brain
CORTIC/O
cortex or outer region
CONVOLUT/O
coiled and twisted
GYR/O
turning or folding
SULC/O
groove
THALAM/O
thalamus or inner room
CEREBELL/O
cerebellum
MEDULL/O
inner section
MYEL/O
spinal cord; also bone marrow
SOMN/I, SOMN/O
sleep
NOCT/I
night
AMBUL/O, AMBULAT/O
to walk
NARC/O
numbness or stupor
-LEPSY
seizure
CEPHAL/O
head
HYDRO-
water
-CELE
hernia
CONCUSS/O
shaken together
CONTUS/O
bruise
HEMAT/O
blood
-PHASIA
speak or speech
POLI/O
gray matter of the brain and spinal cord
RADICUL/O
root, nerve root
-ESTHESIA
sensation or feeling
CAUS/O, CAUST/O
burning
ATHET/O
uncontrolled

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