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Glossary of Ch 5, unit one vocab

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was an attempt by the Ottawa chief Pontiac to prevent white advancement into Indian Appalachian territory. The Rebellion, which was composed of several tribes, failed and was a last desperate attempt at Native American freedom.
Pontiac's rebellion
was a new western policy put into place by Britain in order to control western expansion of the colonies. It said that no settlers were allowed to cross the western Appalachian divide. It greatly angered the colonists.
Proclamation of 1763
organized a vigilante group in response to the Native American uprising of Pontiac’s Rebellion. They unjustly murdered 6 innocent Susquehannock Indians due to the racially charged atmosphere generated by Pontiac.
Paxton Boys
was a radical patriot and leader of many of the rebellious acts and causes leading up to the American Revolution including the Boston Tea Party and Continental Congress. He was one of the most influential pro-revolution voices of the time period.
Samuel Adams
occurred in 1773. It was a protest of Britain’s Tea Act and was led by the dumping of a shipload of tea into Boston harbor. Initiated the Intolerable Acts.
Boston Tea Party
also known as the Intolerable Acts, were Britain’s response to the Boston Tea Party and were to remain in place until all of the debt for the lost tea was paid off by the city of Boston. The colonists viewed the acts as a cruel and unjust punishment fo
Coercive Acts
were a group of radical patriots who agitated in resistance to the stamp act in 1765. They weren’t afraid to threaten people or even use violence to get what they wanted. They “persuaded” many colonists to see their point of view.
Sons of Liberty
was a significant event before the revolution that signified the distaste the colonists had toward British trade laws and regulations. The HMS Gaspee was a British trade enforcing ship that was attacked by American patriots in protest to the strict trade
Gaspee Incident
was a violent confrontation in Boston between the colonists and British troops that resulted in the death of 5 Americans. The result was even greater animosity toward the British by the colonists.
Boston Massacre
was sent out by the Massachusetts assembly that denounced the Townshend Acts. It claimed that the colonists’ natural rights were being infringed upon by the Townshend duties.
circular letter
met in Philadelphia in 1774 to discuss matters concerning Parliament and its authority over the colonies. The Congress denied Parliament's authority to legislate for the colonies, condemned British actions toward the colonies dating to 1763, created a Co
Continental Congress
was a highly respected American patriot and writer who wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later helped create the Republican party and went on to become the third president of the United States.
Thomas Jefferson
was an outspoken revolutionist whose famous “liberty or death” speech convinced the Virginia House of Burgesses to take action against Britain. He brought up the point that their peaceful negotiations hadn’t worked and wouldn’t work against the s
Patrick Henry
was created by the First Continental Congress in 1774. It was put in effect to enforce the boycott of British goods and the stoppage of exports to England.
Continental Association
were two towns in Massachusetts that stood up to a surprise British attempt to seize gunpowder in Concord. They are now known as the first battles of the Revolutionary War. The militia at Lexington delayed the British troops enough on their way to Concor
Lexington and Concord
was the first major battle of the Revolutionary War and actually took place on Breed’s Hill outside of Boston. British troops took heavy casualties but held their ground on the hill. This battle boosted colonists’ morale but ended all idea of peacefu
Bunker Hill
took place on December 26, 1776 during the American Revolutionary War after Washington's crossing of the Delaware River. Washington led the main Continental Army across the Delaware to surprise and virtually eliminate the Hessian garrison at Trenton, New
Trenton
took place on Jan. 3, 1777 and was also a cunning military feat by Gen. Washington that resulted in 500 British casualties and 8000 new recruits to the Continental Army.
Princeton
was the turning point of the revolutionary war. It resulted in the American capture of a British army at Saratoga and, furthermore, the enlistment of French military aid by the Americans.
Saratoga
was a treaty between France and the United States that declared that the two countries agreed to aid each other in the event of a British attack in the present and future. It went on to state that neither country was to make amends with Britain until the
Treaty of Alliance 1778
was a loyalist stronghold in South Carolina that was a key attack point for the British army and their new general Henry Clinton. Its defenses were lacking and it was taken without too much effort by Gen. Clinton in 1780. The battle resulted in the loss
Charles Town
was a loyalist stronghold in Georgia in the 1770’s. It was eventually taken by consistent British guerilla attacks before 1780.
Savannah
was the final battle of the Revolutionary War. Gen. Washington, along with French troops surrounded British General Cornwallis at Yorktown in Virginia. His defeat and surrender there essentially ended the war.
Yorktown
commanded all British troops in the southern colonies from 1778-1781. His surrender at Yorktown in 1781 effectively ended the Revolutionary War.
Cornwallis
officially ended the Revolutionary War. In it Britain recognized America’s newfound independence and granted it all trans-Appalachian territories.
Treaty of Paris 1783
was an unwritten British policy that relaxed supervision of colonial economic and political policy in Colonial America. It helped maintain Mercantilist system without too much enforcement on Britain’s part. It also helped lead to the American Revolutio
salutary neglect
were American colonists who were loyal to Britain during the period of the Revolutionary War. They didn’t necessarily aid British forces, but they didn’t take up arms against them, which caused them to be persecuted by American patriots.
loyalists
was the idea that American colonists were represented by Parliament even though they had no say in it. This idea resulted in the colonists disapproval of taxation without representation.
virtual representation
were applied and used as non-specific search warrants in compliance with the Townshend Acts. They enabled British soldiers to search with no reason or cause whatsoever. This so angered the colonists that they reinstated their boycott of British goods in
writs of assisstance
was a phrase coined by colonial patriots to describe their lack of representation in the British Parliament. They were specifically upset about not having a say in how they were taxed, something they believed to be wholly unjust and uncalled for.
no taxation without representation
was an influential pro-revolution writer of the 18th century. He was one of the first voices of the era who convinced many colonists that revolting against Britain was a valid option and should be exercised accordingly.
Thomas Paine

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