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Glossary of Ch 2 Disease Terms

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acute
sharp; having severe symptoms and a short course
chronic
a condition developing slowly and persisting over a period of time
benign
mild or noncancerous
malignant
harmful or cancerous
degeneration
gradual deterioration or normal cells and body functions
degenerative disease
any disease in which there is deterioration of structure or function of tissue
diagnosis
determination of the presence of a disease based on an evaluation of symptoms signs and tests
etiology
study of the cause of a disease
exacerbation
increase in severity of a disease wtih aggravation of symptoms
remission
a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
febrile
relating to a fever (elevated temperature)
idiopatheic
a condition occurring without a clearly identified cause
localized
limited to a definite area or part
systemic
relating to the whole body rather than only a part
malaise
a feeling of unwellness, often the first indication of illness
marked
significant
morbidity
sick; a diseased state
mortality
the state of being subject to death
prognosis
foreknowledge; prediction of the likely outcome of a disease beased on the general health status of the patient along with knowledge of the usual course of the disease
progressive
pertaining to the advance of a condition as signs and symptoms increase in severity
prophylaxis
a process or mesasure that prevents disease
recurrent
to occur again; describes a return of symptoms and signs after a period of quiescence
sequela
a disorder or condition usually resulting from a previous disease of injury
sign
a mark; objective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner
syndrome
a running together; combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease
noncontributory
not involved in bringing on the condition or result
unremarkable
not significant or worthy of noting

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