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Glossary of Ch 1 to 5 Abnormal Child Psych

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research design
research design
a strategy used to test a hypothesis
epidemiological research
epidemiological research
The study of the incidence, prevalence, and co-occurrence of childhood disorders and competencies in clinic referred and community samples
INCIDENCE RATES
INCIDENCE RATES
The rate at which new cases of a disorder appear over a specified period of time.
Prevalence rates
Prevalence rates
The number of cases of a disorder, whether new or previously existing, that are observed during a specified time.
Risk factor
Risk factor
A variable that precedes a negative outcome of interest and increases the chances that the outcome will occur.
Informants
Informants
Persons in contact with the child who provides information or indicates the extent to which an item is or is not true of their child.
Protective factor
Protective factor
A variable that precedes a negative outcome of interest and decreases the chances that the outcome will occur.
Moderator variables
Moderator variables
A factor that influences the direction or strength of a relationship between variables.
Mediator variables
Mediator variables
The process, mechanism, or means through which a variable produces a specific outcome.
Treatment efficacy
Treatment efficacy
The degree to which a treatment can produce changes under well-controlled conditions that depart from those typically used in clinical practice.
Treatment effectiveness
Treatment effectiveness
The degree to which a treatment can be shown to work to work in actual clinical practice, as opposed to controlled laboratory conditions.
Standardization
Standardization
The process by which q set of standards or norms is specified for a measurement procedure so that it can be used consistently across different assessments.
Reliability
Reliability
The extent to which the result of an experiment is consistent or repeatable.

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