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Glossary of Ch 1 Medical Term Prefixes

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a-(an-)
not, without, lacking, deficient
anti-(ant- often before a vowel or h; hyphenated before i)
against, opposed to, preventing, relieving
di- (dis-)
two, twice, double
dys-
difficult, painful, defective, abnormal
ec- (ex- before a vowel)
out of, away from
ecto-(ect-)
outside of
en- (em- before b, m, and p)
in, into, within
endo-, ento- (end-, ent-)
within
epi- (ep-)
upon, over, above
exo-
outside, from the outside, toward the outside
hemi-
half, partial, (often) one side of the body
hyper-
over, above, excessive, beyond normal
hypo- (hyp-)
under, deficient, below normal
mono- (mon-)
one, single
peri-
around, surrounding
syn- (sym- before h, p, and m; the n is dropped beore s)
together with, joined

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