Glossary of Ch 18 The Americans
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- Queen Liliuokalani
- : the last reigning ruler of the Hawaiian Islands. She felt her mission was to preserve the islands for their native residents. In 1898, Hawaii was annexed to the United States and she was forced to give up her throne.
- the policy of extending a nation’s authority over other countries by economic, political, or military means
- U.S.S. Maine
- a U.S, warship that mysteriously exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba, on Feb 15, 1898
- Yellow Journalism
- the use of sensationalized and exaggerated reporting by newspapers or magazines to attract readers.
- Panama Canal
- an artificial waterway cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, opened in 1914
- Roosevelt Corollary
- an extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, under which the United States claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of Western Hemisphere nations
- The Jungle
- This book was intended to reveal the horrible conditions of the labor industry. The most socking thing in the book was the conditions of the meatpacking industry.
- Upton Sinclair
- a muckraking journalist who began research for a novel in 1904. His focus was the human condition in the stock yards of Chicago
- Theodore Roosevelt
- President at the time he was also sickened by what was read in the book. He invited Upton to the White House and talked to him about getting rid of these harsh conditions. A very active president.
- Square Deal
- a term used to describe the carious progressive reforms sponsored by the Roosevelt administration.
- Meat Inspection Act
- dictated strict cleanliness requirements for meatpackers and created the program of federal meat inspections that was in use until it was replaced by more sophisticate techniques in 1990s
- NAACP(the national association for the Advancement of Colored People)
- had over 6,000 members aim for nothing less then full equality among the races.
- Bull Moose Party
- republican progressives who refused to vote and made a third party. The Party’s platform called for the direct election of senators and the adoption in all states of the initiative referendum, and recalls it. It also advocated woman suffrage, workmen’s compensation, and eight-hour workday, a minimum wage for women, a federal law against child labor, and a federal trade commission to regulate business.
- Woodrow Wilson
- a reform governor from New Jersey. His new party was called New Freedom. It demanded even stronger antitrust legislations, banking reform, and reduced tariffs. He only got 42% of the popular vote but he won an over whelming electoral victory.
- 19th Amendment
- gave women the right to vote in 1920
- Progressive Movement
- aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American Life. All reformers agreed on the common goals of protecting social welfare, promoting moral improvement, creating economic reform, and fostering efficiency.
- Journalist who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life in mass circulation magazines during the early 20th century.
- the banning of alcoholic beverages. Used to try and help immigrants and poor people improve their personal behavior. Prohibitionist groups feared that alcohol was undermining American morals.
- Amendment 18
- Prohibited alcohol
- Amendment 21
- repeled amendment 18
- Republican Party
- the modern political party that was formed in 1854 by opponents of slavery in the territories.
- The U.S. acquired these territories from Spain through the Treaty of Paris (1898), which ended the Spanish-American War.
- Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, Cuba
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