Glossary of Ch 16
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- Nicolas Copernicus
- Polish astronomer who proposed the theory that Earth and the other planets revolve around the sun.
- Tycho Brahe
- Danish astronomer whose astronomical observations formed the basis for Kepler's laws of planetary motion.
- Johannes Kepler
- He formulated three laws to describe how the planets revolve around the sun.
- Galileo Galilei
- The first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights fall at the same rate.
- Sir Isaac Newton
- English mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and the theory of universal gravitation.
- Greek physician and writer. His theories formed the basis of European medicine until the Renaissance.
- Credited with developing a mineral-based chemical approach to human health problems.
- Margaret Cavendish
- She criticized the theories of the Royal Society of London and Thomas Hobbes.
- Maria Winkelmann
- She discovered the comet of 1702.
- Rene Descartes
- Considered the father of analytic geometry and the founder of modern rationalism.
- Cartesian Dualism
- The doctrine that to every mental change there is a concomitant but causally unconnected physical change.
- Francis Bacon
- Proposed a theory of scientific knowledge that came to be known as the inductive method.
- Benedict de Spinoza
- Dutch philosopher and theologian whose best-known work is Ethics (1677).
- Blaise Pascal
- French mathematician, philosopher and inventor. Invented the adding machine and syringe.
- The English Royal Society
- English society through which the British government has supported science.
- French Royal Academy of Sciences
- Founded in 1666 by Louis XIV to encourage French scientific research.
- Works produced within this movement are characterized by unorthodox structure and illogical sequences.
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