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Glossary of Ch1A Intro to Med Term - Word Parts

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-ectomy
surgical removal
-ologist
specialist
-ology
study of
-osis
condition
-ostomy
to surgically create an artificial opening
-otomy
cutting into or surgical incision
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhage, -rrhagia
bleeding, bursting forth, abnormal or excessive flow
-rrhaphy
surgical suturing
-rrhea
flow or discharge; refers to most body fluids
-rrhexis
rupture
-scopy
visual examination
ab-
away from
ad-
toward or in the direction of
angi/o
blood vessel
crani/o
skull
cyan/o
blue
appendic/o
appendix
cyt/o
cells
arteri/o
artery
dia-
through
dys-
bad, difficult, painful
arthr/o
joint
endo-
within
ather/o
plaque or fatty substance
enter/o
small intestine
erythr/o
red
cardi/o
heart
eu-
good, normal, well, easy
gastr/o
stomach
hyper-
excessive or increased
hypo-
deficient or decreased
inter-
between or among
intra-
within or inside
laryng/o
larynx and throat
leuk/o
white
myel/o
bone marrow or spinal cord
nat/o
birth
lith/o
stone
neur/o
nerve
ot/o
ear
melan/o
black
peri-
surrounding
poli/o
gray
my/o
muscle
post-
after
myc/o
fungus
pre-
before
py/o
pus
pyel/o
renal pelvis
pyr/o
fever or fire
rhin/o
nose
sub-
under, less, below
super-, supra-
above, excessive
tonsill/o
tonsils
vir/o
virus

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