Glossary of Ch. 17 History
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- Bernard de Fontenelle
- His works include Dialogues des morts (1683) and Histoire des oracles.
- Pierre Bayle
- He compiled the famous Dictionnaire historique et critique.
- Cultural Relativism
- The principle that an individual's beliefs and activities make sense in terms of his own culture.
- Tabula Rasa
- The unformed, featureless mind in the philosophy of John Locke.
- A group of radical thinkers who stressed the use of human reason and were critical of established religions.
- Baron de Montesquieu
- French philosopher and jurist who wrote the influential Parisian Letters.
- Francois-Marie Arouet
- He wrote 'Candide' and the 'Philosophical Dictionary'. Pen name was Voltaire.
- Denis Diderot
- His work on 'Encyclopédie' made him famous, and his friends included Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire.
- David Hume
- His works include 'A Treatise of Human Nature' and 'History of England'.
- School of French thinkers who evolved the first complete system of economics.
- Francois Quesnay
- French political economist who emphasized the primary economic importance of land and agriculture.
- Adam Smith
- Scottish political economist and philosopher. Wrote "Wealth of Nations".
- Baron Paul d'Holbach
- His best-known work is Système de la nature (1770), first published under the name of Mirabaud.
- Marie-Jean de Condorcet
- French mathematician and philosopher known for his work on the mathematical theory of probability.
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau
- Swiss philosopher and writer who held that the individual is essentially good but usually corrupted by society.
- Mary Wollstonecraft
- British writer and reformer noted for 'A Vindication of the Rights of Woman'.
- A periodic gathering of notable people, held at one person's home
- A style of baroque art in Europe during the eighteenth century, characterized by flowing lines and elaborate decoration.
- Antoine Watteau
- French painter noted for his exuberant scenes of gallantry, such as 'The Embarkation for Cythera.'
- Jacques-Louis David
- His works include The Oath of the Horatii (1785) and The Death of Marat (1793).
- Johann Sebastian Bach
- German composer of the late baroque period.
- George Frederick Handel
- His works include 'Water Music', 'Music for the Royal Fireworks' and 'Zadok the Priest'.
- Franz Joseph Haydn
- Austrian composer who exerted great influence on the development of the classical symphony.
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- His over 600 works include 41 symphonies, 27 piano concertos, and 16 operas.
- Samuel Richardson
- English writer whose epistolary novels include "Pamela."
- Edward Gibbon
- British historian who wrote the classic text 'The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire'.
- Cesare Beccaria
- Wrote 'Crime and Punishment', the first systematic statement of principles governing criminal punishment.
- The old name given to the principal hospital in French towns.
- Joseph II of Austria
- Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790. He was one of the so-called "enlightened monarchs"
- A reform movement in the German Lutheran Church during the 17th and 18th centuries.
- John Wesley
- British religious leader who founded Methodism.
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