Glossary of Ch. 12
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- **Compared with the North, the Old South had a higher__________.
- Murder rate
- Which crops are associated with the Old South?
- Tobacco, rice, cotton, corn, vegetable, hemp, wheat, sugar
- What are the reasons that cotton became “king” in the South? (3)
- -Shaped the South
-British textile industry
-"Cotton Kingdom" - land
- Which of the following accurately describes the Upper South and the Lower South?
- Tied by Slavery
- **One of the ways in which the North and the South were different was __________.
- All of the Above
- Factories developed slowly in the South for all of the following reasons.
- slavery and money
- Southern education lagged behind northern education because _________.
- Widespread indifference
- By 1860 what percentage of white southern families owned slaves?
- **What was the largest group of southern whites in the antebellum period?
- Yeoman (nonslaveholding farmers)
- How many slaves would half of all slaveowning families have owned?
- Fewer than five
- Life for most plantation mistresses was marked by ___________.
- Mulatto children
- The typical southern yeoman hoped for __________.
- Self-sufficiency and modest profit
- Which of the following statements about the white folk of the pine barrens correct
- 10% of whties
Log cabins, farmed just to eat
Seen as "lazy and shiftless"
- How would you describe antebellum southern politics?
- Planters = whigs
Yeomen = democrats
Not much tension
- +In 1857 a book calling upon nonslaveowning whites of the South to abolish slavery in their own interest was published by ___________.
- Why did nonslaveholding southerners support the slave system? (3)
- -They hoped to become slaveholders
-Freed slaves would be criminals
- All of the following statements are true of the pro-slavery argument, except.
- What shaped relations among whites in the Old South?
-Code of Honor
- One of the few groups in the **Old South to speak against the dueling, brawling, and drinking of southern society was ___________.
- Protestant, evangelicals
- How had the American slave population changed by about 1830?
- -Male female 1:1
-Worked on plantation
- Which statement best describes the work of plantation slaves?
- They worked long, hard hours under task-masters
- One of the hallmarks of the West African cultures from which many American slaves had originated was __________.
- Infant mortality rate twice that of whites, 1 in 3 children die before age 10
- Which of the following is an accurate description of the typical slave diet?
- cornmeal, pork, veggies, catfish
- What were typical slave mortality rates?
- Infant mortality twice that of whites, 1 in 3 children die before age 10
- Why were some slaves allowed to work in towns or cities?
- Demand for slaves outside of plantation work
- Where did over half of all free blacks in the Lower South live?
- Cities, urban
- Which profession was open to free blacks in the Old South?
- Carpenters, coopers, berbers, small traders
- Why did the growth rate of the free black population in the South slow after 1810?
- -Nat Turner Rebellion
-No more freed blacks after this time
- Which of the following was a common form of slave resistance?
- Why weren’t there more slave revolts in the Old South?
- -Not a large majority
-Plantations owners have guns
- Who was the leader of a slave uprising?
- Nat Turner
- **Which of the following is an accurate statement about slave uprisings in the antebellum South?
- None of the above
(maybe not on test)
- What was the pattern followed by most runaway slaves?
- -Visit spouses
- African-Americans’ most common reaction to slavery was _________.
- In order for a slave culture to develop in the United States, what was the first prerequisite?
- A common language
- Pidgin was the _________.
- No native speakers but in which people with different native languages can communicate
- Why was pidgin indispensable for slaves?
- Helped them form own culture and freedom of speech amongst slaves
- **Southern evangelical churches generally preached against all of the following activities except ______________.
- A comparison of southern white and black religion in the antebellum period reveals that _________.
- Interpretation of slavery in Christianity is different
- What was the religion of the majority of slaves when they were transported from Africa to the United States?
- West African religions
- What were the most interracial institutions in the Old South?
- Music and dance enabled slaves to __________.
- Relieve sufferings
- What are the reasons why the Upper South tended to identify with the Lower South rather than with the North?
- What was the status of the black slave family?
-Save 11 family members sold
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