Glossary of Ch. 11 Study Notes
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- What was Jackson's proposal about moving the Indians?
- He offered to pay for their present lands, move them west at the U.S. expense, and give them land beyond the frontier.
- When was the Removal Act passed by Congress?
- What happened at the Conference in September 1830 where 5000-6000 Choctaw Indians attended?
- They were given food, cloth, soap, razors, etc and were told of the plans to move them west.
- What was the treaty signed by the Choctaw Indians called?
- The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
- When was the first indian move made?
- Winter of 1831-32
- How many indians were resettled?
- More then 45000
- Who ran for president and won in 1836 with Jackson's approval?
- Van Buren
- What was the Independent Treasury System and who developed it?
- It made all money become gold and silver instead of paper money; Van Buren.
- What was the Log Cabin Campaign and when was it?
- Where whigs supported Harrison for presidency (he brought down Tecumseh) in 1840 and said that he was just a simple man like Jackson.
- When Jackson won the election of 1832, how did he try to get rid of the Bank of U.S?
- He withdrew government money and placed it in various state banks, and quit depositing money into the national bank.
- Where was Jackson wanting to move the Indians to?
- Undeveloped territory west of the Mississippi River.
- What was the result of the state banks lending money recklessly?
- Prices rose, borrowing money rose, demand rose, (Inflationary spiral of 1837, ended in depression, Panic of 1837)
- What was the South states and what were they good at?
- South of Pennsylvannia and East of the Mississippi River; Slavery, cotton, tobacco, slave owners were the richest, aristocrats had most political power.
- What was in the West?
- Poor unhappy people moved west, unlimited land and oppurtunity, farmers, self sufficiency, social equality, easy to work as hired hand up to a farm owner.
- Who were candidates in the Election of 1824 and where was their support?
- John Quincy Adams-NE
- What was the deciding factor that helped Adams win?
- Clay knew he wouldn't win, he served as Secretary of Treasury under Monroe along with Adams who was Secretary of State, so he pushed his supporters over to Adams.
- What did Jackson supporters start calling themselves?
- What were nominating conventions?
- Where delegates nominated people to run for president.
- What was the spoils system and who started it?
- Where you tried to get as many supporters in the government as possible; Andrew Jackson.
- What started the Nullification Crisis?
- The 1832 Tariff (Tariff of Abominations)
- What state held a special election that in November of 1832 passed an ordinance nullifying the tariff?
- South Carolina
- What 2 things did Jackson do to try and stop the ordinance?
- "Proclamation to the People of South Carolina" (Warning them), and threatened to march down there and hang the leading nullifiers.
- Who worked out a compromise in Congress about the tariff which led to the South Carolina legislature appealing the ordinance of nullification?
- Calhoun and Clay
- When was the Second Bank of U.S. founded?
- What were bank notes?
- Paper money given out by banks that garuntees hard money if turned in.
- Why did the Bank issue for a recharter during the election campaigning of 1832?
- In hopes that Jackson would sign it because otherwise it could be used against hime for re-election.
- What 2 things could Indians do and not do in the southern states?
- They could be taxed and serve in the militia but they couldn't testify in court or vote.
- What was the Era Of Good Feelings?
- Monroe was president, Republicans had no political competition, nation was growing, at peace, and prosperous.
- Why did the Era Of Good Feelings end?
- Regional conflicts
- When did President Monroe take the Goodwill Tour of New England and why was it ironic?
- 1817; New England is Federalist country and he was a Republican that was greeted nicely.
- How many states were there in 1821?
- What was the Farming Boom?
- Crop rotation, plows, new and improved livestock, fertilizer, and draingage techniques.
- What was specialization?
- When one region is better at something than another region is.
- What was the North East states and what were they good at?
- New England, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvannia; Manufacturing, most important seaports, varied diets, big homes, low prices, machine made goods, agriculture, industrial changes were positive.
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