cueFlash

Glossary of Cells and reproduction

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

What is MITOSIS?
It is a way a Eukaryotic cell Reproduces. It is ALL somatic cells. ex: skin cells, hair cells. EXCEPT SPEM AND EGGS
What is Meiosis
It is a way a Eukaryotic cell Reproduces. Only sperm/pollen and eggs.
What is a SOMATIC CELL?
Any type of cell that is not involved in reproduction (sperm/pollen and eggs)
What is a GAMETE?
Specialised haploid cells produced by meiosis and involved in sexual reproduction.
What is a DIPLOID?
A cell with a full set of genetic material.
What is a HAPLOID?
organism possessing a single set of unpaired chromosomes. Gametes are haploid.
What is PROPHASE?
During this phase the chromosomes condense and become visible.
What is METAPHASE?
In this phase the chromosomes are well condensed and aligned along the metaphase plate.
What is ANAPHASE?
the separation of sister chromatids (or homologous chromosomes) followed by their movement towards the poles of the spindle.
What is TELOPHASE?
chromosome separation is completed. Occurring once in mitosis and twice in meiosis.
What is CYTOKINESIS?
Process in which the cytoplasm of a cell is divided after nuclear division (mitosis) is complete.
What is INTERKINESIS?
A resting point that occurs between two meiotic divisions.
What is CENTROMERE?
The region in eukaryote chromosomes where daughter chromatids are joined together.
What is CHROMATID?
One of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis.
What is CHROMOSOME?
The self-replicating genetic structures of cells containing the cellular DNA

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards