Glossary of Cells and reproduction
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- What is MITOSIS?
- It is a way a Eukaryotic cell Reproduces. It is ALL somatic cells. ex: skin cells, hair cells. EXCEPT SPEM AND EGGS
- What is Meiosis
- It is a way a Eukaryotic cell Reproduces. Only sperm/pollen and eggs.
- What is a SOMATIC CELL?
- Any type of cell that is not involved in reproduction (sperm/pollen and eggs)
- What is a GAMETE?
- Specialised haploid cells produced by meiosis and involved in sexual reproduction.
- What is a DIPLOID?
- A cell with a full set of genetic material.
- What is a HAPLOID?
- organism possessing a single set of unpaired chromosomes. Gametes are haploid.
- What is PROPHASE?
- During this phase the chromosomes condense and become visible.
- What is METAPHASE?
- In this phase the chromosomes are well condensed and aligned along the metaphase plate.
- What is ANAPHASE?
- the separation of sister chromatids (or homologous chromosomes) followed by their movement towards the poles of the spindle.
- What is TELOPHASE?
- chromosome separation is completed. Occurring once in mitosis and twice in meiosis.
- What is CYTOKINESIS?
- Process in which the cytoplasm of a cell is divided after nuclear division (mitosis) is complete.
- What is INTERKINESIS?
- A resting point that occurs between two meiotic divisions.
- What is CENTROMERE?
- The region in eukaryote chromosomes where daughter chromatids are joined together.
- What is CHROMATID?
- One of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis.
- What is CHROMOSOME?
- The self-replicating genetic structures of cells containing the cellular DNA
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