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Glossary of Cell Part Functions 2

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Vacuole
Store materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates.
Ribosome
Produce Proteins by following coded instructions that come from the nucleus.
Lysosomes
Digest or break down lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins.
Golgi Apparatus
Modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum for storage or export.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Uses enzymes to synthesize membrane lipids and detoxify drugs.
Mitochondria
Converts chemical energy stored in food into compounds that cells can use.
Cell Wall
Provides support and protection for the cell.
Cell Membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell and provides protection and support.
Cytoskeleton
Facilitates cellular movement and provides sipport to maintain the shape of the cell.
Nucleus
Contains nearly all of the cell's DNA.
Nucleolus
Begins the assembly of ribosomes in the nucleus.
Chloroplast
Captures energy from the sunlight and converts it into chemical energy by photosynthesis.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Site of completion of protein synthesis- ribosomes are found here.
Centrioles
Helps organize cell division.
Cytoplasm
Facilitates the functions of organelles in the cell.

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