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Glossary of Caudillo

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Caudillo
Military leaders who often seized power.
Peon
Indians or mestizos who were forced to work for someone else in order to pay off a debt.
Viceroy
An official who rules in place of a king.
Cabildo
A council made to govern a town.
Mestizo
A person of mixed European and Native American ancestry.
Donatario
Lord of a huge area.
Creole
American-born descendants of Spanish settlers.
Peninsular
Officials sent from Spain to rule the colonies.
Hacienda
A large plantation.
Mercantilism
The principle that a country's economic strength depends on importing more goods than it exports.
Oligarchy
A form of government where a small elite has ruling power.

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