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Glossary of Carl Rogers Ch. 14

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Teacher
Term that Rogers believed was unfortunate because it connotes an authoritarian figure who dispenses information to passive students.
Unconditional positive regard
experience of positive regard without conditions of worth. In other words, positive regard is not contingent on certain acts or thoughts.
Symbolization
Process by which an event enters and individuals awareness.
Facilitator of Education
Term that Rogers thought was better than "teacher" because it suggests someone who is helpful and uncritical and who will provide the freedom that is necessary for learning to take place.
Fully Functioning Person
Person whose locus of evaluation is his or her own organismic valuing process rather than internalized conditions of worth.
Subception
Detection of an experience before it enters full awareness.
Organismic valuing process
Frame of reference that allows an individual to know if his or her experiences are in accordance with his or her actualizing tendency. Those experiences that maintain or enhance the person are in accordance with this process; other experiences are not.
Openness to Experience
One of the chief characteristics of a fully functioning person.
Self-Sort
Statements chosen by a client as best describing the person as he or she actually is at the moment. Part of the Q-sort technique.
Psychotherapy
To Rogers, an experience designed to help an incongruent person become congruent.
Rogers-Skinner Debate
Debate held in 1955 between Rogers and Skinner over how best to use the principles discovered by the behavioral sciences.
Self
That portion of the phenomenological field that becomes differentiated because of experiences involving terms such as I, me, and mine.
Internal Frame of Reference
Subjective reality, or phenomenological field, according to which a person lives his or her life.
Ideal-sort
Statements chosen by a client as best describing the person he or she would most like to be. Part of the Q-sort technique.
Need for self-regard
Need a person develops to feel positively about him/herself.
Anxiety
Results when a person perceives or subceives an experience as being incompatible with his or her self-structure and its introjected conditions of worth.
Defense
Effort to change a threatening experience through distortion or denial.
Actualizing tendency
Innate tendency in all humans to maintain and enhance themselves.
Conditions of Worth
Conditions under which an incongruent person will experience positive regard.
Denial
Refusal to allow threatening experiences to enter awareness.
Distortion
Modification of a threatening experience so it is no longer threatening.
Experience
All the events of which a person could be aware at any given moment.
Goal of Psychotherapy
Eliminating incongruency by guiding clients to use their organismic valuing process

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