Glossary of Caesar's De Bello Gallico Latin Vocabulary Quiz 5

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fors, fortis, f
luck, chance
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus, irreg
to offer, present
quam in partem fors obtulit
wherever chance took him
lit to which side chance presented
oratio, orationis, f
non longiore oratione . . . quam uti
with (= in) a speech no longer than (this), that . . .
pristinus, -a, -um
original; former, earlier
neu, conj
nor, and . . . not
telum, -i, n
weapon (for hurling)
quam quo telum
than (the distance) to which a weapon
adigo, adigere, adegi, adactus
to drive; to throw, hurl
item, adv
likewise, in the same way
exiguitas, exiguitatis, f
shortness; shortage
dimico, -are, -avi, -aturus
to fight
non modo . . . sed etiam, conj
not only . . . but also
insigne, insignis, n
mark, badge, decoration
accomodo (1)
to put on, attach
tegimentum, -i, n
covering, wrapping
consisto, consistere, constiti
to stop; to take up a position
Quam quisque ab opere in partem . . . quaeque . . . signa . . . ad haec constitit
Each (soldier coming) from the fortifying (of the camp) stopped wherever . . . and which(ever) standards . . . at these he took up a position
dimitto, dimittere, dimisi, dimissus
to send away; to let slip away, lose
conspicio, -ere, conspexi, conspectus
to catch sight of, see
detraho, detrahere, detraxi, detractus
to draw off, take away, remove
devenio, -ire, deveni, deventurus
to come
impero (1)
to order
induo, -ere, indui, indutus
to put on
longus, -a, -um
occurro, -ere, occurri, occursurus + dat
to meet, come upon
paratus, -a, -um
prepared, ready
retineo, -ere, retinui, retentus
to retain, keep
sustineo, sustinere, sustinui, sustentus
to hold up; to withstand
cohortatio, cohortationis, f
exhortation, address
ab . . . cohortatione
from (= after) his address of (= to)
urgeo, urgere, ursi
to press hard
confertus, -a, -um
crowded together, closely packed
signifer, signiferi, m
standard bearer
amitto, amittere, amisi, amissus
to send away; to let go; to lose
primipilus, -i, m
first centurion ( the leading centurion in a legion, commmanding the first cohort)
P. Sextius Baculus, -i, m
Publius Sextius Baculus
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus
to complete; to exhaust, overcome
tardus, -a, -um
slow, lagging, hanging back
reliquos esse tardiores . . . vidit
(and Caesar also) saw that the rest were hanging back even more
novissimi, -orum, m. pl
the newly recruited; rearguard
desero, deserere, deserui, desertus
to leave, abandon, desert
inferior, inferior, inferius, gen inferioris
hostes neque . . . subeuntes intermittere . . . neque ullum esse
(but) neither did the enemy stop coming up . . . nor was there any. . . .
subeo, subire, subii, subiturus, irreg
to come up (to), approach
intermitto, intermittere, intermisi, intermissus
to leave off, cease, stop
latus, lateris, n
side; flank (of an army)
insto, instare, institi, instaturus
to press forward
augustum, -i, n
confined space, critical moment, crisis
summitto, summittere, summisi, summissus
to send as help
nominatim, adv
by name
manipulus, -i, m
maniple ( a unit consiting of 120 men)
laxo, -are, -avi, -atus
to widen, spread out
quo, conj + subjn
in order that, so that
Cuius adventu
And at his arrival or And by his arrival
redintegro, -are, -avi, -atus
to renew, revive
pro se quisque
each soldier to the best of his ability
lit, for himself
extremus, -a, -um
last, final
extremis suis
personally perilous, life threatening
opera, -ae, f
work, task
navo, -are, -avi, -atus
to devote oneself to
operam navare
to join in fully, go all out
tardo, -are, -avi, -atus
to slow down, hinder, check
adventus, -us, m
cohors, cohortis, cohortium, f
confero, conferre, contuli, collatus, irreg
to bring together, gather
cupio, -ere, cupivi, cupitus
to desire, wish, want
duodecimus, -a, -um
excedo, -ere, excessi, excessus
to go out; to depart, withdraw
frons, frontis, frontium, f
gravis, -is, -e
heavy; serious
novus, -a, -um
paulum, adv
a little, somewhat
ullus, -a, -um
vir, viri, m
vulnus, vulneris, n
iuxta, adv
monuit ut
he instructed them to let X (nom) do Y (subjunctive)
coniungo, coniungere, coniunxi, coniunctus
to join together, connect
converto, convertere, converti, conversus
to turn, wheel around
et conversa signa in . . . inferrent
and, upon wheeling around, to advance against
lit, and bear turned standards against
After this was done
Quo facto
cum aliis alii
since they . . . to each other
aversus, -a, -um
turned away, with one's back turned
circumvenio, circumvenire, circumventus
to surround
novissimum agmen
the rear line, the rear
cursus, -us, m
running; speeed; step
cursu incitatio
with quickened step, at full speed
T. Labienus, -i, m
Titus Labienus
potior, potiri, potitus sum + abl
to take possession of, capture
rem gerere
to conduct business = to fight a battle
conspicor, conspicari, conspicatus sum
to catch sight of, notice, see
calo, calonis, m
camp servant
nihil ad celeritatem sibi reliqui fecerunt
they hurried as quickly as they could
lit, the made nothing of a remainder for themselves in respect to speed
alii . . . alii
some . . . others
audax, audacis
incito, -are, -avi, -atus
to spur on, drive forward
moneo, -ere, -ui, -itus
to advise; to instruct
resisto, -ere, restiti
to resist
septimus, -a, -um
summus, -a, -um
highest; greateset; the top of
commutatio, commutationis, f
change, reversal, turnaround
procumbo, procumbere, procubui, procubiturus
to fall down, collapse
nostri etiam qui . . . procubuissent
even those of our men who. . . . ,
innitor, inniti, innixus sum + abl
to lean (on), support oneself (with)
occurro, occurrere, occurri, occursurus + dat
to rush against, attack
turpitudo, turpitudinis, f
shame, disgrace
praefero, praeferre, praetuli, praelatus, irreg
to carry in front
se praeferre + dat
to surpass, outperform, outfight
praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestatus
to excel; to exhibit, display
those lying = the fallen
insisto, insistere, institi + dat
to stand on
deicio, deicere, deieci, deiectus
to throw down; to kill
coacervo, -are, -avi, -atus
to pile up
supersum, superesse, superfui, irreg
to be left, remain, survive
his deiectis et . . . , qui superessent, ut . . . , . . . conicerent
but even after these men had been killed and . . . , those who survived, as (if) . . . , began to hurl. . . .
tumulus, -i, m
mound, hill
intercipio, intercipere, intercepi, interceptus
to catch in flight; to retrieve, pick up
nequiquam, adv
in vain, without cause
tantae virtutis homines iudicari deberet ausos esse
it should be judged (that these were) men of great courage (who) dared to. . . .
iniquus, -a, -um
uneven; unfavorable
redigo, redigere, redegi, redactus
to drive back; to render, make
altus, -a, -um
tall, high, steep
ascendo, -ere, ascendi, ascensus
to climb
cadaver, cadaveris, n
dead body
cado, -ere, cecidi, casus
to fall; to die, be killed
debeo, -ere, debui, debitus
to owe; (one) ought, should, must
deleo, -ere, delevi, deletus
to destroy; to remove
difficilis, -is, -e
facilis, -is, -e
iaceo, -ere, iacui, iaciturus
to lie
latus, -a, -um
broad, wide
perterreo, -ere, -ui, -itus
to terrify, greatly alarm
remitto, -ere, remisi, remissus
to send back; to throw back

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