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Glossary of CODI 310 Final Review

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What is a dialect
language variation defined by defining group of users
What is participant observation
engaged in activity while observing
What is Entailment?
an inference that is made on the bases of sentence meaning
What is presupposition
what is assumed
What is an implicature
meanings that are not explicitly expressed through the words of an utterance
What are the 4 maxims
Quanity
Quality
Relevance
Manner
What are 6 assumptions about language
used for social purposes
used by joint action
involves speaker's meaning and listener's understanding
basic setting = face to face
has more than one layer of activity
cognitive and social science
What are the types of individual actions
1) autonomous action - not part of joint actions
2) participartory actions - are
What are the 5 illocutionary acts
constatives - assertion of belief
directives - question, request
commissives - promises
acknowledgments - greetings, aplogizing thanking
attending - active listening
What is the PICA
multi dimensional scoring
Purpose of PICA
to combine mutiple dimentions into one score
What are the scoring dimentions of the PICA
Accuracy
Responsivness
Completeness
Promptness
Efficiency
What is pragmatics
how Language is used
What are the differences between anecdotal, praticipant and ethnographic observation
- anecdotal - uses characteristics
-participant - open observations
ethnographic - focused
What is locution, illocution, and perlocution
locution - saying the utterance
illocution - speaker's intentions
perlocition - effect the utterance has on listener
What is ethnographic interviewing
interviewing a people - "to find information for mothers with disabled children"
Describe Clinical Discourse Analysis.
- functional viewpoint
- uses 4 maxims
- example we did in class : 9 year old boy
Systematic Observation of Communicative Interaction (SOCI)
-describes how language is being used
- uses constatives, commissices, acknowledgments, attending
plus it adds proxemics, facial expression, body posture and kinesics
PICA
test that rate acuracy, responsiveness, promptness, completeness, efficiency
What is the observer's paradox
that the observer might influence what the client would do
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Anecdotal observation
DISADVANTAGES
-obervers might infer
Advantages
-gets observation into the house
-parents know their children better than you do

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