Glossary of CLEP History Of The United States 1 - Practice Test 2
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- All of the following were early explorers of North America EXCEPT:
a. Francisco Coronado
b. Robert La Salle
c. Samuel de Champlain
d. Francisco Pizarro
e. Jacques Marquette
- d. Francisco Pizarro
- Which of the following best characterizes Southern society before the Civil War?
a. Half of the slaveowners owned five or fewer slaves.
b. Most white families owned slaves.
c. Most slaveowners owned several hundred slaves.
- a. Half of the slaveowners owned five or fewer slaves.
- Between 1806 and 1809 nonimportation, nonintercourse, and embargo sought to
- force Great Britain to recognize American rights
- What was the first important means of transportation in the United States after independence?
- The Missouri Compromise of 1820 did all of the following EXCEPT:
a. bring Maine as a free state.
b. bring in Missouri as a slave state.
c. prohibit slavery north of latitude 36'30'.
d. maintain the balance of slave and free stat
- e. establish the principle of popular sovereignty south of 36'30'.
- The Declaration of Independence stated that
- people have the right to abolish governments destructive of their rights.
- According to the Treaty of Paris of 1783, the boundaries of the United States were
- Canada, Florida, and the Mississippi River.
- In 1858 at Freeport, Illinois, Stephen Douglas argued that
- slavery could be kept out of the territories if people in the territories failed to pass laws to protect it.
- Which of the following was NOT involved in the "triangular trade" of the colonial period?
- c. Cotton
- Those who supported ratification of the Constitution were called
- Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses Grant at
- The French and Indian War took place during
- 1754 - 1763
- Colonial law generally defined slaves as chattel. This meant that slaves were considered as
- pieces of property with no rights
- The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798 introduced what ideas?
- Individual states could nullify or set aside federal laws with which they disagreed.
- The Judiciary Act of 1789 established
- the office of attorney general
- Alexander Hamilton's legislative program for the new republic included all of the following EXCEPT:
a. the Bank of the United States.
b. organization of the federal judiciary.
c. assumption of Confederation and state debts.
- b. organization of the federal judiciary.
- The leading scientist in colonial America was
- Benjamin Franklin
- Which of the following correctly describes women's rights in mid-nineteenth century America?
a. A married woman controlled her own property.
b. Husbands were forbidden to beat their wives.
c. Women could freely enter professions such
- d. Women could not claim money they had earned.
- Under Lincoln's plan of Reconstruction, Southern states could resume their part in the Union after
- 10 percent of the voters as of 1860 took an oath of allegiance.
- Which of the following was NOT characteristic of pre-Civil War American cities?
a. Rapidly rising death rates
b. Increase of crime
c. Extensive sewer systems
d. Growth of slums
e. Increase of population
- c. Extensive sewer systems
- The first armed conflict in 1775 between the Americans and British soliers took place at
- By opening the territory north of 36'30' to slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the
- Missouri Compromise
- By February 1, 1861 which group of states had seceded from the Union?
- Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, South Carolina
- In 1819 the United States obtained Florida from
- Which of the following does NOT describe the Louisiana Purchase of 1803?
a. The United States purchased Louisiana from France for $15 million.
b. Jefferson expanded the powers of the presidency.
c. French power expanded in the Wester
- c. French power expanded in the Western Hemisphere.
- Define "cession"
- a yielding to another
- Define "seceded"
- to withdraw from an organization (as a religious communion or political party or federation)
- What territory gained independence in 1836?
- The Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 protested
- a 25 percent tax on whiskey
- Which of the following best describes the First Bank of the United States?
a. It was solely a private business enterprise.
b. It was solely a federal government enterprise.
c. It was a join private-public enterprise.
d. It was a
- c. It was a joint private-public enterprise.
- The Puritans wanted to
- build a society based upon biblical teachings
- The Federal Constitution
- counted 3/5 of slaves for purposes of representation
- Historians believe the British trade regulations during the colonial period
- provided both advantages and disadvantages for the American colonies
- The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established what precedent for new territories?
- Equality of new states with old
- The American Revolutionaries gained help from which country?
- In the controversy over the lands belonging by treaty to the "Five Civilized Tribes,", the Jackson administration
- forced the Indians to be removed to the West
- Which of the following statements best describes the ethnic makeup of colonial America?
a. French Huguenots settled heavily in New England.
b. Germans concentrated in Pennsylvania.
c. The Scotch-Irish moved into the southern tidewate
- b. Germans concentrated in Pennsylvania.
- After what year was there little criticism of slavery within the South?
- What was a response to the Stamp Act?
- Nonimportation of British goods
- The American public protested the Jay Treaty of 1794 because it
- did nothing about British seizure of American vessels in the French West Indies.
- Which of the following served as a Union general?
a. Joseph Johnston
b. Thomas Jackson
c. William T. Sherman
d. Robert E. Lee
e. J.E.B. Stuart
- c. William T. Sherman
- The central compromise of the Constitutional Convention involved the issue of
- representation of large and small states.
- Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Panic of 1837?
a. The building up of surpluses in the nation's factories
b. Destruction of the Second Bank of the United States
c. Overextension of bank credit
d. A poor wheat crop
- a. The building up of surpluses in the nation's factories
- What was the SPECIE CIRCULAR
- The Specie Circular issued by President Andrew Jackson and his treasury secretary, Levi Woodbury, on July 11, 1836, required payment in gold or silver for all purchases of government lands. The Jackson administration believed that the Circular would check the boom in speculative land purchases that had resulted from Jackson's "war" against the Second Bank of the United States. The president had withdrawn government deposits from the Bank and then deposited the money in numerous state "pet banks." Distribution of the deposits allowed these banks to lend more money, based on their new reserves. With easy credit available, sales of government lands skyrocketed from $2.6 million in 1832 to $24.9 million in 1836. Large speculators rather than homesteaders bought most of this land.
Many state banks, however, loaned more money than their newfound reserves could justify and were threatened with bankruptcy. Jackson, who had once lost his fortune in a bank failure, wanted to bring the situation under control by promulgating the Specie Circular. He chose a poor method. The deflationary Circular contracted the money supply too rapidly, leading in part to the panic of 1837.
- Which Supreme Court chief justice oversaw the development of the Court's power to judge the constitutionality of acts of Congress?
- John Marshall
- Who opposed rechartering the Second Bank of the United States?
- Andrew Jackson
- Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress lacked the power to
- In the election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln won
- the Northern and Midwestern states
- Which of the following groups tended to support the Federalists?
a. Small farmers
b. Small businessmen
c. Wealthy merchants
d. Baptist and Methodist ministers
e. Skilled craftsmen
- c. Wealthy merchants
- Prior to 1763 the British policy of "salutary neglect"
- Did not enforce the Navigation Acts.
- What do Gabriel Prosser, Denmark Vesey, and Nat Turner have in common?
- They organized slave rebellions
- The Marbury v. Madison decision of 1803 established the principle that
- the Supreme Court had the power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
- The Pinckney Treaty with Spain in 1795 gave Americans the "right of deposit" at New Orleans. This meant that
- Americans could land goods at New Orleans and ship them out again without paying taxes.
- American factory workers of the pre-Civil War period
- worked long hours
- Which of the following books was likely to be found in the home of a colonial New Englander?
- Pilgrim's Progress
- The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863
- freed slaves in areas still in rebellion.
- The Proclamation of 1763
- Ordered that settlement be stopped west of the peaks of the Appalachians.
- The Nullification Controversy of 1828 to 1833 arose in response to congressional support for
- Protective tariffs
- Debate over ratification of the Constitution in New York resulted in the publication of
- The Federalist Papers.
- Who helped guide the Lewis and Clark expedition and aided in dealing with the Indians?
- Which of the following was part of the Compromise of 1850?
- A new fugitive slave law
- Common Sense was written by
- Thomas Paine
- An indentured servant differed from a slave in that he or she
- worked for a limited period of time, usually seven years to repay their passage to America.
- Alexander Hamilton believed that the United States should
- Assume the debts of both the Confederation and the states.
- The Bill of Rights guarantees all of the following EXCEPT:
a. the freedom of religion.
b. the right to a fair trial.
c. powers not delegated to the federal government by the Constitution are reserved to the states.
d. the right
- e. The right of women to vote.
- The followers of Andrew Jackson established what political party?
- Beginning in the 1830s, William Lloyd Garrison called for
- Immediate emancipation of the slaves.
- The Great Awakening of the 1740s resulted in
- A split between religious traditionalists and religious radicals.
- George Washington's army faced what problems during the American Revolution?
- The army was dependent on poorly trained militia.
- Which of the following was NOT a major writer of the pre-Civil War period?
a. Ralph Waldo Emerson
b. William Dean Howells
c. Nathaniel Hawthorne
d. Herman Melville
e. Washington Irving
- b. William Dean Howells
- According to the Dred Scott decision,
- Congress had no power over slavery in the territories.
- Which of the following was NOT a Northern advantage in the Civil War?
a. It was fighting a defensive war.
b. It had greater manufacturing capacity.
c. It owned greater railroad trackage.
d. It had a larger population.
- a. It was fighting a defensive war.
- Which of the following does NOT apply to the Monroe Doctrine?
a. It forbade Spain from attempting to restore control over its former colonies in the Western Hemisphere.
b. It was based upon the assumption that the British navy would defen
- c. It allowed the United States to take action in European affairs.
- A revolution in what country made American neutrality an issue in the 1790s?
- The Confederacy raised money for their war effort by all of the following EXCEPT:
a. borrowing money from abroad.
b. raising taxes.
c. printing money.
d. establishing an income tax.
e. borrowing money from its citizens.
- d. Establishing an income tax.
- The Constitutional Convention took place in
- The colonial South was divided into all of the following EXCEPT:
a. the Piedmont
b. the Great Plains
c. the backcountry
d. the Tidewater
e. the Fall Line
- b. the Great Plains
- The "Intolerable Acts" of 1774 included all of the following EXCEPT:
a. the closing of Boston Harbor.
b. new taxes on glass, tea, lead, and paper.
c. making the Massachusetts council and judiciary appointive.
- b. new taxes on glass, tea, lead, and paper.
- According to the Constitution, the president is chosen by
- the electoral college
- Which of the following did NOT take place during the Grant presidency?
a. John Wesley Powell's exploration of the Grand Canyon
b. Last federal troops removed from the South
c. Settlement of the Alabama claims
d. Completion of th
- b. Last federal troops removed from the South
- The "Revolution of 1800" resulted in the election of
- Thomas Jefferson
- The term "Middle Colonies" refers to what grouping of states?
- New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware
- Which battle effectively ended the American Revolution?
- The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution
- allowed a state to limit the voting of blacks.
- Which of the following does NOT describe colonial government in America?
a. During the 1700s the assemblies became more powerful.
b. In royal colonies the governor could summon or dismiss the assembly.
c. Compared with England, the r
- c. Compared with England, the right to vote was limited to a few individuals.
- The War of 1812 resulted in what?
- Resumption of the status quo prior to the war
- Article I of the U.S. Constitution establishes
- the powers of Congress
- In order for a treaty to become law, the ________ must ratify the treaty after it has been negotiated by the ________
- The first presidential election that relied upon the popular vote to select the electoral college was held in
- The American commitment to the "unalienable rights" of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" is most clearly expressed in
- the Declaration of Independence
- The Mayflower Compact of 1620 established
- Plymouth colony
- On the eve of Columbus' first arrival in 1492, the native Indian population of the Western Hemisphere is estimated at
- 80-100 million
- Columbus untertook his 1492 voyage to the Americas to
- secure wealth and power for himself and the Spanish throne.
- Jamestown survived as the first permanent English settlement in America because
- of the emergence of tobacco as a cash crop.
- Roger Williams is best known in American history as
- an early champion of religious freedom.
- Indentured servants in colonial America experienced
- low social status
- During the seventeenth century, black slaves in the Southern colonies
- grew slowly as a labor force
- The Dominion of New England was
- an attempt to reorganize the British Empire by James II.
- William Penn's plans for a Quaker colony in Pennsylvania included all of the following EXCEPT:
a. establishing peaceful relations with the Indians.
b. allowing for religious freedom.
c. establishing a democracy.
d. the making of
- establishing a deomocracy
- At the close of the Seven Years' War in 1763, France ceded to Great Britain
- England passed the Stamp Act in 1765 to
- raise money to reduce England's national debt.
- The eighteenth century population in British North America
- nearly doubled every 25 years.
- All of the following are major figures in the Enlightenment EXCEPT:
a. Benjamin Franklin
b. William Bradford
c. John Locke
d. Sir Issac Newton
e. Thomas Jefferson
- b. William Bickford
- After the American Revolution, the Loyalists did NOT
- create their own American colony in Ohio.
- The Articles of Confederation created for the 13 states
- A league of friendship among 13 independent countries
- During the winter of 1786, Shays' Rebellion indicated to most Americans
- The political dangers of the post-war recession.
The weaknesses of state government.
The need to reform the Articles of Confederation.
The desperation of the yeoman farmer in America.
- In seventeenth century New England, married women were denied the right to
- vote for elected officials.
- The passage of the Declaratory Act in 1766 by Parliament was greeted in America by
- little attention to its statement of parliamentary sovereignty.
- During the Washington administration, the secretary of the treasury, Alexander Hamilton, proposed an economic program which included all of the following EXCEPT:
a. establishing close ties between the national government and American business.
- e. retiring the full national debt but maintaining deficit government spending.
- During the 1790s, Federalists and Republicans openly disagreed over
a. the extent of popular control of government.
b. foreign policy toward England and France.
c. the activities of Citizen Genet.
d. the fiscal policies of the n
- e. All of the above.
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