Glossary of CLEP History Of The United States 1 - Practice Test 1

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In the impeachment process against the president, the __________ determines the guilt or innocence of the president.
The right to a speedy trial is guaranteed Americans by
the Sixth Amendment
According to Article II of the U.S. Constitution, the sole authority to suspend the writ of habeas corpus resides in
the Congress
In James Madison's "Federalist Paper Number Ten," the most dangerous threat to the U.S. Constitution was presented by
The Dutch colony at New Netherland was categorized by all of the following EXCEPT:
a. its great reliance upon the fur trade.
b. friendly relations with the neighboring Amerindians.
c. relatively small population.
d. ethnic diversity o
b. friendly relations with neighboring Amerindians.
North American Indian cultures were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
a. a diversified economy of hunting, fishing, and farming.
b. a division of labor by gender.
c. a reliance on oral culture.
d. an animistic religion tha
e. the lack of the presence of warfare.
Spanish colonization of the New World was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
a. ruthless exploitation of the Indians.
b. establishing African slavery in the Americas.
c. reliance upon large families as settlers.
d. introduc
c. reliance upon large families as settlers.
The Puritans left England to settle in America in order to
create a perfect religious utopia.
Seventeenth-century English settlers of New England differed from those in Virginia by
living in tightly clustered communities.
King Philip's War of 1675-1676 was fought to
establish English control over the Indians in New England.
The only eighteenth century North American British colony with a black population majority was
South Carolina
From 1689 until 1763, England fought a series of wars with France for control of North America. Which of the following wars was not part of this series?
a. King William's War
b. Queen Anne's War
c. The Seven Years' War
d. King George'
King Philip's War
Colonial government in British North America did NOT allow
universal manhood suffrage
James Otis earned fame for his defense of American political freedom in
the Writs of Assistance case.
The Boston Massacre occurred after which event?
The Townshend Duties
The battle of Saratoga in 1777 was best known for
securing America an alliance with France.
In 1632, England allowed its first proprietary colony as a refuge for Catholics in
Prior to 1763, the British policy of mercantilism encouraged the American colonies to
supply England with raw materials.
At the Philadelphia Convention of 1788, the author of the Great Compromise to the U.S. Constitution was
Roger Sherman
During the ratification contest, the Antifederalist critique of the proposed U.S. Constitution contained all of the following agruments EXCEPT:
a. the lack of a written Bill of Rights
b. the lack of a popular vote for the presidency.
c. th
the location of the new government in Washington, D.C.
Opposition to the Jay Treaty in the U.S. Senate centered around
its inability to stop the practice of British impressment.
"Millions for defense, not one cent from tribute" became the nation's rallying cry during
the XYZ Affair
In the election of 1800, the House of Representatives selected the president because of the deadlocked election between
Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr
Women emerged from the American Revolution with the prescribed new responsibility of
raising sons and daughters as good republican citizens.
The Lewis and Clark expedition occured AFTER which event?
Louisiana Purchase
The "Burr Conspiracy" refers to
Burr's scheme to create a new nation from the Southern territory of the United States.
During the War of 1812, the battle waged AFTER the signing of the peace treaty at Ghent was the
Battle of New Orleans
The principle that "American continents [were not]...subjects for future colonizations by any European power" is expressed directly in
the Monroe Doctrine
"John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it," refers to which Supreme Court decision scorned by President Andrew Jackson?
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
The rise of the "market economy" in the 1820s refers to the
rise of commercial agriculture.
All of the following were major reform movements during the 1830s EXCEPT:
a. Temperence
b. Revivalism
c. Women's Rights
d. Education
e. Labor Unions
e. Labor Unions
Andrew Jackson referred to the Election of 1824 as "the corrupt bargain" because of
the selection of Henry Clay as President John Quincy Adams' secretary of state.
Andrew Jackson's impact on the office of the presidency is characterized by a reliance on:
a. the veto as a political weapon.
b. a "kitchen cabinet."
c. the spoils system
d. public opinion
e. All of the above
e. All of the above
Jackson's reasons for his veto of the Second Bank of the United States included:
a. the Bank of the United States was a monopoly.
b. fear of foreign control of the United States through the Bank.
c. the Bank's political uses of its funding
e. All of the above
The historian most associated with the view of slavery as crushing African-Americans into a "sambo personality" is
Stanley Elkins
Jackson's reasons for his veto of the Second Bank of the United States included:
a. the Bank of the United States was a monopoly.
b. fear of foreign control of the United States through the Bank.
c. the Bank's political uses of it funding.
e. All of the above
The slavery as a "positive good" argument was presented by
George Fitzhugh
Although Texas claimed its independence from Mexico in 1837, it was not admitted as an American state until 1845 because
the North's fear of a growing slave power in the United States
Select the statement which BEST represents Abraham Lincoln's public position on slavery in the Election of 1860:
a. "We must purge this land by blood."
b. "We consider the slaveholder a relentless tyrant."
c. "On t
d. "If I can maintain the Union with slavery I shall; if I can maintain the Union without slavery I shall."
The Mexican-American War resulted in Mexico ceding all of the following territories to the United States EXCEPT:
a. Texas
b. New Mexico
c. California
d. Nevada
e. Washington
e. Washington
Which of the following events occurred last?
a. Kansas-Nebraska Act
b. Nat Turner Rebellion
c. Seneca Falls Convention
d. Lincoln-Douglas debates
e. Homestead Act
e. Homestead Act
Northern denunciation of the Compromise of 1850 was directed primarily toward
the Fugitive Slave Law
The Dred Scott decision in 1857 by Chief Justice Roger Taney declared
the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.
In the election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln's total of the popular vote was
40 percent
The Emancipation Proclamation immediately freed the slaves:
a. throughout the United States
b. only in the border states
c. throughout the South only
d. in Maryland and Tennessee
e. None of the above
e. None of the above
Because of its acceptance of the states' rights doctrine, the Confederacy most closely resembled
the Articles of Confederation
During the Civil War, President Lincoln gave evidence of his democratic beliefs by
sponsoring the Homestead Act
The vast majority of settlers who traveled to the Far West because of the Homestead Act's grant of 160-acre farm
returned East after failing as farmers
According to most historians, the major failure of Northern Reconstruction was its inability to
provide economic independence to ex-slaves
The president associated with the Sellout of 1876 was
Rutherford B. Hayes
Which of the following led to European discovery and exploration of the Americas?
a. Discovery of new land routes to Asia
b. Breakdown of the Genoese and Venetian monopoly over Mediterranean-European trade
c. Decline of commercial banking
d. Development of new navigational instruments
Roger Williams came into conflict with the Puritan authorities for advocating that
political leaders could have no authority over religious matters
Which of the following was NOT one of the Middle Colonies?
a. New Jersey
b. Connecticut
c. New York
d. Delaware
e. Pennsylvania
b. Connecticut
Which of the following did NOT characterize French settlement in the New World?
a. The French controlled access to the Mississippi River and the St. Lawrence River
b. The French established trade in furs.
c. The French developed widespread
c. The French developed widespread settlement in the interior of the continient.
The key British victory in the French and Indian War was at
What prevented the entrance of Texas into the Union after it gained independence in 1836?
Texas wanted to permit slavery
The "Middle Passage" refers to
the voyage between Africa and the Americas taken by the slave traders
All of the following were advocates of religious toleration EXCEPT:
a. William Penn
b. John Winthrop
c. Roger Williams
d. Lord Baltimore
e. Thomas Jefferson
b. John Winthrop
According to British mercantilist policy, the colonies would perform all of the following functions EXCEPT:
a. provide markets for British goods
b. produce manufactured goods
c. provide raw materials for British manufacturing
d. encou
b. produce manufactured goods
The Intolerable Acts of 1774 were passed in response to
the Boston Tea Party
Which of the following served as an American commander during the American Revolution?

a. William Howe
b. John Burgoyne
C. Nathaniel Greene
d. Barry St. Leger
e. Henry Clinton
c. Nathaniel Greene
The Constitutional Convention took place in 1787 in what city?
Alexander Hamilton's "Report on Public Credit" proposed what?
Assume the state debts
Under Thomas Jefferson, the Republicans
reduced the federal budget
The Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) gave the United States
Which of the following is NOT associated with the "American System"?
a. a protective tariff to stimulate new industries
b. Henry Clay
c. The Second Bank of the United States
d. Federally funded internal improvements
e. Bonuses to new industries
The Bill of Rights

a. is the first ten amendments to the Constitution
b. limited the powers of the federal government to those specifically named in the Constitution
c. gave citizens freedom of religion, assembly, speech and press, a
e. All of the above
The most important difference between the South and other sections of the United States prior to 1860 was what?
The Jacksonian era was notable for its
rhetorical egalitarianism
What group of immigrants prior to the Civil War helped stimulate formation of the American, or "Know-Nothing," party?
The term "scalawag" was used during Reconstruction to describe
native-born Southerners who cooperated with the Northerners
The "Crime of 73" refers to
the removal of silver coins from the list of standard coins
Which of the following acts was NOT passed during the Civil War (1861-1865)?

a. Morrill Tariff Act
b. National Banking Act
c. Homestead Act
d. Conscription Act
e. Tenure of Office Act
e. Tenure of Office Act
By 1860 approximately how many slaves lived in the South?
4 million
Andrew Jackson contributed to the depression of 1837 by doing what?
Issuing the Specie Circular
The Twelfth Amendment (1804) to the Constitution
required the electoral college to vote separately for president and vice president
The Federalist Papers
were written anonymously by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison
The Ostend Manifesto of 1854 concerned which of the following?

a. Hawaii
b. Alaska
c. Puerto Rico
d. Cuba
e. Guam
d. Cuba
The Declaratory Act of 1766
stated that Parliament had the power to make laws binding on the colonies
Which of the following writers was NOT a part of the "American Renaissance" of the mid-nineteenth century?

a. Henry James
b. Nathaniel Hawthorne
c. Walt Whitman
d. Henry David Thoreau
e. Herman Melville
a. Henry James
Secessionist feeling during the War of 1812 was strong in
New England
Which of the following is associated with early English settlement in the New World?

a. Joint-stock companies
b. Encomienda
c. Prince Henry the Navigator
d. George III
e. Republicanism
a. Joint-stock companies
After 1840, the Northeast's primary economic concern was
manufacturing of finished products
By the middle 1760s the most influential citizens in the New England towns were the
Which of the following is NOT a Union strategy in the Civil War?

a. Fight a defensive war
b. Blockade the Confederate coastline
c. Seize control of the Mississippi River
d. Seize Richmond, Virginia
e. Control the interior r
a. Fight a defensive war
Which of the following became president upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln?

a. Ulysses S. Grant
b. Andrew Johnson
c. Rutherford B. Hayes
d. James A. Garfield
e. Chester A. Arthur
b. Andrew Johnson
The ordinances of 1785 and 1787 established all of the following EXCEPT:

a. division of the Northwestern lands into townships
b. reservation of one section in each township for support of public schools
c. establishment of territoria
d. protection of slavery
Which of the following was NOT originally a proprietary colony?

a. Georgia
b. South Carolina
c. Maryland
d. Virginia
e. Pennsylvania
d. Virginia
Which of the following contributed significantly to the growth of anti-slavery sentiment in the 1850s?

a. The establishment of the American Anti-Slavery Society
b. Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin
c. William Lloyd Garrison's founding
b. Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin
The panic of 1857 fundamentally resulted from
excessive investments in railroads
Which of the following was NOT characteristic of Spanish civilization in the New World?

a. The mission system
b. Slavery
c. The viceroy
d. The search for gold and silver
e. Republican government
e. Republican government
All of the following are associated with the Pilgrims EXCEPT:

a. separatism
b. Massachusetts Bay Colony
c. Mayflower Compact
d. Squanto
e. Plymouth
b. Massachusetts Bay Colony
Which of the following colonies was established so that debtors freed from English prisons could start a new life?

a. Georgia
b. Maryland
c. North Carolina
d. New Jersey
e. Delaware
a. Georgia
The French and Indian War or Seven Years' War resulted in what following after the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763?

a. Spain gained control of Florida
b. The British occupied Cuba and the Philippines
c. The British gained cont
d. The Spanish obtained New Orleans and Louisiana
Which of the following does NOT correctly describe the Southern colonies?

a. They were the most English of the colonies.
b. They were largely urban.
c. The plantations were on the coastal plains.
d. Tobacco and rice were the chi
b. They were largely urban
The Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812, included which of the following?

a. Settlement of Canadian border problems
b. Recognition of American neutral rights
c. Restoration of territory taken during the war
d. Cessation
c. Restoration of territory taken during the war
The Iroquois Confederation included all of the following Indian tribes EXCEPT:

a. Sioux
b. Mohawk
c. Seneca
d. Oneida
e. Cayuga
a. Sioux
What was the first college to be established in colonial America?
Harvard College
The British government faced all of the following problems in 1763 EXCEPT:

a. war debts
b. defense costs
c. independence movements in colonial America
d. government of Florida and Canada
e. ownership of the western lands of
c. independence movements in colonial America
Which of the following was feared as a mob leader by British colonial authorities?

a. Thomas Jefferson
b. Patrick Henry
c. John Adams
d. James Otis
e. Samuel Adams
e. Samuel Adams
Which of the following does NOT appear in the Declaration of Independence?

a. A portrayal of the king as an evil ruler
b. An argument for religious toleration
c. A statement of the basic principles of democracy
d. An announcemen
b. An argument for religious toleration
The government under the Articles of Confederation had all of the following powers EXCEPT:

a. regulation of weights and measures
b. establishment of a post office
c. creation of a navy
d. coinage of money
e. taxation
e. taxation
The Jay Treaty (1794) provided for
evacuation of English troops from their posts along the Great Lakes
The XYZ Affair of 1797-98 resulted in
a quasi-war with France
What was resolved by negotiation soon after the Treaty of Ghent (1814)?
Disarmament of the Great Lakes
After 1815, the Southern economy was increasingly tied to what crop?
What state provoked the nullification crisis?
South Carolina
Which of the following was NOT involved in American exploration of the West?

a. Meriwether Lewis
b. Zebulon Pike
c. John Charles Fremont
d. Aaron Burr
e. William Clark
d. Aaron Burr
Who served as president of the Second Bank of the United States?
Nicholas Biddle
During the Civil War, the term "Copperhead" referred to
Northerners who opposed the Civil War
Which of the following was NOT part of the Radical Republican program for Reconstruction?

a. Division of the South into military districts
b. The Fourteenth Amendment
c. Enlargement of the powers of the Freedmen's Bureau
d. Divi
c. Enlargement of the powers of the Freedmen's Bureau
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)included all of the following EXCEPT:

a. the United States paid Mexico $15 million
b. land south of the Gila River
c. the United States took over $3 million in debts owed by the Mexican governmen
b. land south of the Gila River
Which of the following was NOT concerned with either slavery or blacks?

a. Emancipation Proclamation
b. Thirteenth Amendment
c. Sixteenth Amendment
d. Freedmen's Bureau
e. Fourteenth Amendment
c. Sixteenth Amendment

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