Glossary of CIS Chp. 4

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each characteristic or quality describing a particular entity
the most effective and efficient ways to do things
best practices
data collected about user behavior and browing patterns by monitoring users' activitieswhen they visit a website
clickstream data
a group of logically related files that stores data and the associations among them
collection of definitions of data elements, data characteristics that use teh data elements, and the individuals, business functions, applications, and reports that use this data element
data dictionary
the software program (or group of programs) that provides access to a database
database management system (DBMS)
a small data warehouse designed for a strategic business unit or a department
data mart
the process of searching for valuable business information in a large database, data warehouse, or data mart
data mining
definition of the way data in a DBMS are conceptually scructured
visual presentation of data by technologies such as graphics, multidimensional tables and graphs, vidos and animation, and other multimedia formats
a repository of subject-oriented historical data that are organized to be accessible in a form readily acceptable for analystical processing
data warehouse
a person, place, thing, or event about which information is maintained in a record
the process of designing a database by organizing data entities to be used and identifying the relationships among them
entity-relationship modeling
document that shows data entities and attributes and relationships among them
entity-relationship diagram (ER)
a grouping of entities of a given type
entity classes
the more objective rational, and technical types of knowledge
explicit knowledge
a grouping of logically related characters into a word, a small, group of words, or a complete number
a grouping of logically related records
a computer-based system for capturing, integrating, manipulating, and displaying data using digitized maps
geographic information system (GIS)
an attribute that identifiesan entity instance
a particular entity within an entity class
other terms for knowledge
intellectual capital (intellectual assets)
information that is contextual, relevant, and actionable
a process that helps organizations identify, select, organize, disseminate, transfer, and apply information and expertise that are part of the organization's memory and that typically reside within the organization in an unstructured manner
knowledge management (KM)
information technologies used to systematize, enhance, and expedite intra-and interfirm knowledge management
knowledge management systems (KMS)
the manner in which data are structured in a data warehouse so that they can be analyzed by different views or perspectives
multidimensional structure
a method for analyzing and reducing a relational database to its most streamlined form for minimal redundancy, maximum data integrity, and best processing performance
the analytical processing of data as soon as transactions occur
online analytical processing (OLAP)
a type of computer processing where business transactions are processed as soon as they occur
online transaction processing (OLTP)
the identifier field or attribute that uniquely identifies a record
primary key
database language that enables the user to fill out a grid (form) to construct a sample or description of the data wanted
query by sample (QBE)
a grouping of logically related fields
data model based on the simple concept of tables in order to capitalize on characteristics of rows and columns of data
relational database model
an identifier field or attribute that has some identifying information, but typically does not identify the file with complete accuracy
secondary key
popular relational database language that enables users to perform complicated searches with relatively simple instructions
structured query language (SQL)
the cumulative store of subjective or experiential learning; it is highly personal and hard to formalize
tacit knowledge
a database that consists only of software; manages data that can physically reside anywhere on the network and in a variety of formats
virtual database
interactive, computer-generated, three-dimensional graphics delivered to the user through a head-mounted display
virtual reality (VR)

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