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Glossary of CELL ENVIORMENT

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WHAT IS MAGNIFICATION?
THE ABILITY TO MAKE THINGS LOOK LARGER THAN THEY ARE
BACTERIA CELLS?
10X SMALLER THAN SKIN CELL. HAS A WALL AND MEMBRANE BUT NO NUCLEUS
WHATS A NUCLEUS?
THE "BRAIN"
WHAT IS THE CELL MEMBRANE?
THE PART INSIDE THE CELL WALL THAT MAKES SURE GOOD SUBSTANCES GO IN AND THE BAD DONT. IT TAKES CARE OF WASTE SUBSTANCES TOO.
WHATS A CONVEX LENS?
A LENSE THAT IS CUREVED TO BEND LIGHT INWARD. TO MAKE THE IMAGE MAGNIFY
LYSOSOMES?
BREAK DOWN CHEMICALS AND OLD CELL PARTS
NUCLEAR MEMBRANE?
PROTECTS THE NUCLEUS AND NUCLEOLUS
WHATS THE CELL WALL?
THE WALL IS THE OUTER COATING OF THE CELL. MAKES SURE THAT THE NOTHING GETS OUT ONLY THROUGH THE CELL MEMBRANE
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM?
OUTSIDE THE NUCLEUS. MANY PASSAGE WAYS THAT CARRY PROTEINS AND OTHER MATERIALS TO PLACES IN CELL
CYTOPLASM?
GEL LIKE FLUID IS CONSTANTLY MOVING TO CARRY ORGANELLES
WHAT DID ANTON VAN LEEUWENHOEK FIND OUT?
HE FOUND TINY ORGANISIMES IN A WATER SAMPLE FROM A POND. CALLED THEM ANIMALCULES MEANING "LITTLE ANIMALS"
ORGANELLES?
FUNCTION IS TO PRODUCE ENERGRY, BUILD AND TRANSPORT MATERIALS, AND STORE RECYCLE WASTES
WHATS ELECTRON MICROSCOPE?
A MICROSCOPE THAT USES A BEAM OF ELECTRONS INSTEAD OF LIGHT
WHAT IS A MICROSCOPE?
A MICROSCOPE IS AN INSTRUMENT USED TO LOOK AT SMALL OBJECTS
MITOCHONDRIA?
MAKES ENERGY
WHAT DID ROBERT HOOKE FIND OUT?
HE FOUND SMALL RECTANGULAR ROOMS IN A PICE OF CORK AND CALLED THEM CELLS
WHATS A CELL?
THE BASIC UNIT OF STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION IN LIVING THINGS
VACUOLES?
STORAGE AREA OF CELL. STORE FOOD AND MATERIALS, WASTE TOO
NUCLEOLUS?
MAKES RIBSOMES
WHATS RESOLUTION?
THE QUALITY AND ABILITY TO DISTINGUISH PARTS OF AN OBJECT CLEARLY
CHLOROPLASTS?
CAPTURE ENERGY FROM SUNLIGHT AND MAKE FOOD FOR CELL (ONLY IN PLANTS). MAKES THE GREEN COLOR
GOLGI BODIES?
THE "MAIL ROOM" RECEIVE PROTEINS AND SHIP THEM ALL THROUGHOUT THE CELL
WHATS A COMPOUND MICROSCOPE?
A MICROSCOPE THAT USES LIGHT AND HAS MORE THAN ONE LENS
CHROMATIN?
STRANDS INSIDE THE NUCLEUS THAT CARRY OUT THE FUNCTIONS
RIBOSOMES?
FUNCTION IS TO PRODUCE PROTEINS

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