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Glossary of C15- Successful and Unsuccessful Pursuits of Power

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"Quieta non movere"
"Let Sleeping dogs lie", the favorite quote of Robert Walpole. It referred to corruption and patronage going on in Parliament.
Parlement of Paris
The most powerful parlement of France whose power was reinstated by the duke of Orleans. They, like other parlements, had the power to recognize or deny the legality of royal law.
Maritime Powers
Great Britain and France controlled a good portion of trade, but the Netherlands and Sweden were also significant players in the grand scheme of things.
Frederick I
The 1st King of Prussia. He gained the title by lending Prussian soldiers to the Holy Roman Empire, who granted him the title of king.
General Directory
Frederick I's consolidated dept. of state under which he imposed taxes on the nobility and changed most feudal dues into monetary payments.
Frederick II, "The Great"
George I's heir to the Prussian throne. He upset the Pragmatic Sanction by invading Silesia, thus crystallizing the Austrian-Prussian rivalry for control of Germany, which would last for over a century.
Calvinist Reformed Church
The official religion of the Netherlands. It practiced a great deal of religious toleration.
Whigs
A group in Parliament who favored war w/ France. They also supported the Hanoverian Dynasty and monarchy but wanted Parliament to retain final sovreignty.
Cardinal Fleury
The leader of France during Louis XV's early years. He was the tutor and chief minister to Louis XV. He gave France a period of peace and prosperity, but was unable to solve long-term French financial problems.
Hanoverian Dynasty
In 1714, this group came to power in England due to the Act of Settlement in 1701.
Amsterdam
The biggest banking center of Europe in the mid-eighteenth century was located in Holland.
Prussia
Major factor in North German politics. This country possessed what could be considered the strongest, or at least most drilled, army in Europe.
1602: Dutch East Indies Company
This company helped the Netherlands establish complete dominance over the spice trade until WWII.
John Law
A Scottish Mathematician who was given control of France finance by Louis XV. He was largely responsible for the Mississippi bubble bursting.
Mississippi Company
John Law's monopoly on trading privileges with the French colony of Louisiana. It also controlled management of French national debt.
Robert Walpole
The man who dominated British politics from 1721-1745. He won favor from the king with his smooth handling of Britain's financial crisis, the one similar to the Mississippi bubble. He could be considered the 1st prime minister of England and the developer of the cabinet system.
Great Northern War
The war fought between Sweden and Russia that eventually resulted with Sweden's defeat in 1721. Their defeat stemmed largely from a failed attempt to take Poland.
South Sea Company
The British version of the Mississippi company. Its crash resulted in the near financial ruin of Britain.
Boroughs
The voting political units of Britain. They consisted of men who owned land and decided on who would be in Parliament.
Millets
The individual political units within the Ottoman Empire. They were divided by religious faith rather than territory.
Ottoman Empire
A diverse country that curbed Austrian, Habsburg, Poland, and Russian territorial ambitions. Lost a great deal of power in the 18th century.
"Rotten Boroughs"
The term for the corrupt voting units of Britain. They essentially controlled the House of Commons.
Hohenzollerns
The leaders of the Brandenburg-Prussia who essentially united all the provinces into a unified Prussia.
1648: Treaty of Westphalia
The end to the War of Spanish Succession, which resulted in the Spanish's recognition of the Netherlands as an autonomous nation and ended most of Spanish power.
Pragmatic Sanction
The instrument that Charles VI used to assure his daughter Marie Theresa inheritance of the Habsburg Empire. It was breached by Frederick II when he invaded Silesia.
Frederick William, the "Great Elector"
The man who began the unification of of Prussia
Kabinett
Prussian King's office. All lower government officials had to submit all relevant documents to this office
Zimmis
Non-Muslims in the Ottoman Empire.
Tories
A group in Parliament who wanted peae with France and who feared the Hanoverian Dynasty

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