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Glossary of Branches of Kines and Important People

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Studied anatomy, actions of muscles, bones
Aristotle
Devised accounts of principles of levers as involved in movement
Archimedes
Distinguished motor and sensory nerves
Galen
Described origins and intersections of muscles by detailing the motion of a joint. Paintings show his knowledge of human anatomy
Leonardo da Vinci
Is called the Father of biomechanics because he related muscular movements to mechanical principles
Borelli
He studied electrical potentials in nerve and muscle tissue and is considered father of experimental neurology
Luigi Galvani
Studied role of reflexes in control of voluntary movements
-studied reciprocal innervation- when one muscle group is activated the opposing muscle group is turned off
-concentrated on studying nerve muscle interaction and concerned with neuroph
Sherrington
proposed central intermittency and single channel hypothesis
Welford
Humans process information in discrete bursts rather than continuously
Central Intermittency
While one set of info is being processed, processing of a new set of info is delayed
Single Channel
Derived an index of difficult for aiming tasks that considered both movement extent and target size, decreases in target size and increases in movement increased the index of difficulty
Fitt's Law
Father of modern scientific psychology, studied sensation, perception, use of reaction time
Wilhem Wundt
started behaviorism and studied operant conditioning a type of learning in which a person learns responses to get a reward or to avoid punishment.
Skinner
APA- emphasized need for formal programs of research on the education of children, founder of educational psychology
Dewey
founder of motor learning and control
Henry
study of structures that produce diverse movements we are capable of executing.
Concerns of this study- focus is on interaction of components of human system as they related to producing movement, way all systems interact together to provide opportu
Anatomical Kinesiology
-discipline that applies mechanical laws to musculoskeletal system of human body and the implements used in sport and work
-mechanical laws describe how forces affect the motion of bodies, and measurements of force are determined to assess the impac
Biomechanics
-study of physiological processes that provide basis for our capacity to move
-study nerve muscle heart and veins and lung system and how these systems respond to physical demands causes physiologist to study how body produces energy and eliminates
Exercise Physiology
Fitness and Health
-concerned with the interaction of exercise health and nutrition
-evaluate health risk factors and recommend lifestyle changes that will reduce and individuals chance for disease
-clinical arm of exercise physiology
Fitness and Health
-provides information about the changes in human movement behavior across the lifespan and the influence of these changes on motor performance

Concerns
-role played by nature versus nurture during developmental process
-identificatio
Motor Development
-scientific discipline concerned with study of the processes that lead to skilled movement
-by learning processes involved in skilled movement better learning environments can be devised
-want to study factors that result in learning that is ad
Motor Learning and Control
-first goal is to understand effect of psychological factors on behavior in sport
-looks at influence of personality, self-efficacy and effects on adherence to physical endeavours
-interested in enhancement of psychological well-being through
Sport Pyschology
-research in teacher education and research on teaching in PE, research in teacher education concentrates on examining the student, teacher and process the student and teacher engage in during the student’s training. While research on teaching in PE lo
Sport Pedagogy

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