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Glossary of Book: 500 Spanish Verbs

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abatir
to knock down, to overthrow, to throw down
abrasar
to burn, to set on fire
abrazar
to embrace, to hug; to clamp
abrir
to open
abstenerse
to abstain
aburir
to annoy, to bore, to vex
aburrirse
to be bored, to grow tired, to grow weary
acabar
to finish, to end, to complete
acelerar
to accelerate, to speed, to hasten, to hurry
aceptar
to accept
acercar
to bring near, to place near
acercarse
to approach, to draw near
acertar
to hit the mark, to hit upon, to do (something) right, to succeed in, to do something right
aclamar
to acclaim, to applaud, to shout, to hail
aclarar
to explain, to clarify, to make clear, to rinse, to clear
acompañar
to accompany, to escort, to go with, to keep company
aconsejar
to advise, to counsel
acordar
to agree upon
acordarse
to remember, to agree
acostarse
to go to bed, to lie down
acostumbrar
to be accustomed, to be in the habit of
acuchillar
to knife, to cut, to slash, to cut open
acudir
to attend, to be present frequently, to respond (to a call), to come to the rescue
acusar
to accuse
adelantar
to advance, to keep on, to progress, to go ahead
adivinar
to divine, to foretell, to guess, to solve
admirar
to admire
admitir
to admit, to grant, to permit
adoptar
to adopt
adorar
to adore, to worship
adquirir
to acquire, to get, to obtain
advertir
to advise, to give notice, to give warning, to take notice of, to warn
afeitarse
to shave oneself
agarrar
to grasp, to obtain, to seize, to catch, to clutch, to come upon
agitar
to agitate, to wave, to shake up, to stir
agotar
to exhaust, to shake up
agradar
to please, to be pleasing
agradecer
to thank, to be thankful for
agrandar
to enlarge, to grow larger, to increase, to exaggerate
agravar
to aggravate, to make worse
acompñar
to accompany, to escort, to go with, to keep company
agregar
to add, to collect, to gather, to aggregate, to collate
agrupar
to group
aguardar
to expect, to wait for
ahorrar
to economize, to save
alcanzar
to reach, to overtake
alegrarse
to be glad, to rejoice, to be happy
almorzar
to lunch, to have lunch
alquilar
to hire, to rent
alumbrar
to illuminate, to light, to enlighten
alumbrarse
to be (get) high, to get tipsy, to become lively (from liquor)
alzar
to heave, to lift up, to pick up, to raise (prices)
amar
to love
añadir
to add
andar
to walk
anunciar
to announce, to foretell, to proclaim
apagar
to put out (flame, fire), to extinguish, to turn off (flame, fire, light)
aparcer
to appear, to show up
aplaudir
to applaud
apoderarse
to take power, to take possession
apreciar
to appreciate, to appraise, to esteem
aprender
to learn
apresurarse
to haste, to hurry, to rush
aprobar
to approve, to pass a test
aprovecharse
to take advantage, to avail oneself
apurarse
to fret, to grieve, to worry
arrancar
to root up (out), to pull up (out), to tear off (away), to snatch, to start (a motor), to boot up (a computer)
arreglar
to fix, to arrange, to adjust, to regulate, to settle, to repair
arrojar
to fling, to hurl, to throw
articular
to articulate, to pronounce distinctly
asegurar
to assure, to affirm, to assert, to insure
asir
to seize, to grasp
asistir
to attend, to assist, to be present
asustarse
to be frightened, to be scared
atacar
to attack
atenerse
to rely on, to depend on
atraer
to attract, to allure, to charm
atravesar
to cross, to go through, to run through
atreverse
to dare, to adventure
avanzar
to advance
averiguar
to find out, to inquire, to investigate
ayudar
to help, to aid, to assist
bailar
to dance
bajar
to lower, to let down, to come down, to go down, to descend
balbucear
to stammer, to hesitate (in speech)
bañarse
to bathe oneself, to take a bath
barrer
to sweep, to whisk
bastar
to be enough, to be sufficient, to suffice
bautizar
to baptize, to christen
beber
to drink
bendecir
to bless, to consecrate
borrar
to erase, to cross out
bastezar
to yawn, to gape
botar
to fling, to cast (away), to throw (away), to launch
broncear
to bronze, to tan
bullir
to boil, to bustle, to stir
burlarse
to make fun of, to poke fun of, to ridicule
buscar
to look for, to seek
caber
to be contained, to fit into
caer
to fall
caerse
to fall, to fall down, to tumble
calentar
to heat (up), to warm (up)
callarse
to be silent, to keep quiet
calzar
to shoe, to put on (shoes), to wear (shoes)
cambiar
to change, to exchange
caminar
to move, to walk along
cansarse
to become tired, to become weary, to get tired
cantar
to sing
caracterizar
to characterize
cargar
to load, to burden, to charge a battery
casarse
to get married, to marry
celebrar
to celebrate, to praise
cenar
to have supper, to eat supper, to dine, to have dinner
cepillar
to brush
cerrar
to close
certificar
to certify, to registar (a letter), to attest
charlar
to chat, to prattle
chistar
to mumble, to mutter
chupar
to suck
cocinar
to cook
coger
to seize, to take, to grab, to grasp, to catch, to get (understand)
colegir
to collect
colgar
to hang (up)
colocar
to put up, to place
comenzar
to begin, to start, to commence
comer
to eat
componer
to compose
comprar
to buy, to purchase
comprender
to understand
conducir
to lead, to conduct, to drive
confesar
to confess
conocer
to know, to be acquainted with
conseguir
to attain, to get, to obtain
constituir
to constitute, to make up
construir
to construct, to build
contra
to count, to relate, to tell
contener
to contain, to hold, to restrain
contestar
to answer, to reply (to)
continuar
to continue
contribuir
to contribute, to pay taxes
convencer
to convince
convenir
to agree, to convene, to be fitting
convertir
to convert
convocar
to call together, to convene, to convoke, to summon
corregir
to correct
correr
to run, to race, to flow
cortar
to cut, to cut off, to cut out
costar
to cost
crecer
to grow
creer
to believe
criar
to breed, to raise, to bring up (rear)
cruzar
to cross
cubrir
to cover
cuidarse
to take care of oneself
cumplir
to fulfill, to keep (a promise), to reach one's birthday (use with años)
dar
to give
deber
to owe, must, ought
decidir
to decide
decir
to say, to tell
declarar
to declare
dedicarse
to devote oneself
defender
to defend
dejar
to let, to permit, to violate the law
demostrar
to demonstrate, to prove
denunciar
to denounce
depender
to depend
derribar
to knock down, to overthrow, to tear down, to throw down
desayunarse
to breakfast, to have breakfast
descansar
to rest
describir
to describe, to delineate
descubrir
to discover, to reveal, to uncover, to unviel
desear
to desire, to wish, to want
desempeñar
to play (a part), to act (a part), to discharge, to perform (a duty), to take out of pawn
deshacer
to undo, to destroy, to take apart
despedirse
to take leave of, to say good-bye to
despegar
to detach, to unglue, to unstuck, to take off (airplane)
desperezarse
to stretch oneself, to stretch one's arms and legs
despertarse
to wake up oneself
destruir
to destroy
desvestirse
to undress oneself, to get undressed
detener
to stop (someone or something), to detain
detenerse
to stop (oneself)
devolver
to return (an object), to refund, to give back
dibujar
to design, to draw, to sketch
dirigir
to direct
disculparse
to apologize, to excuse (oneself)
discutir
to discuss, to debate
dispensar
to excuse, to dispense, to distribute, to exempt
distinguir
to distinguish
divertirse
to have a good time, to enjoy oneself, to amuse oneself
divorciarse
to be (get) divorced
doler
to ache, to pain, to hurt, to cause grief, to cause regret
dormir
to sleep
ducharse
to take a shower, to shower oneself
dudar
to doubt
echar
to cast, to fling, to furl, to pitch, to throw
ejecutar
to execute, to carry out, to perform
ejercer
to exercise, to practice (a profession)
elegir
to elect, to select, to choose
embeber
to soak in, to soak up, to suck in, to imbibe
empezar
to begin, to start
emplear
to employ, to use
encender
to incite, to inflame, to kindle, to light
encerrar
to enclose, to lock up, to confine
encontrar
to meet, to encounter, to find
enfadarse
to become angry, annoyed, irritated
enfermarse
to get sick, to fall sick, to become sick to fall ill, to become ill
enojarse
to become angry, to get angry, to get cross
enseñar
to teach, to show, to point out
entender
to understand
entrar
to enter, to go (in), to come (in)

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