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Glossary of Bones - General Terms

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CANALICULI
the narrow channels through which the osteocytes extend
CANALICULUS
singular form of canaliculi
CANCELLOUS BONE
a spongy structure, refers mostly to bone tissue
CORTICAL BONE
adjective form of the term "cortex" which refers to the outer layer
DIAPHYSES
plural form of diaphysis
DIAPHYSIS
main shaft of a long bone
ENDOSTEUM
thin membrane which lines the marrow cavity of a bone
EPIPHYSES
plural form of epiphysis
EPIPHYSIS
expanded ends of bones
LACUNA
singular form of lacuane
LACUNAE
small cavities containing mature bone cells
METAPHYSIS
part of the bone which is located between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
OSTEOCYTES
mature bone cells
PERIOSTEUM
connective tissue membrane which covers the bone

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