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Glossary of Birth of Art Ch. 1

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site of first fortified town
Jericho
freestanding object
Mesolithic
several large stones capped with a covering slab
lintel
Middle Stone Age, ca. 7000 BC in Europe
Neolithic
New Stone Age, ca. 8000 in East, ca. 4000 in Europe
Paleolithic
Stone Age, ca. 30,000-10,000 BC
Makapansgat
circle of monoliths
Stonehenge
prehistoric monoliths standing singly/ with others in rows or circles
cromlech
bovine skulls
bucrania
element used in dating, organic material
carbon 14
Neolithic monument thought to have had an astronomical purpose
Dolmen
cave with Paleolithic paintings
Lascaux
small figure from the Paleolithic
Laussel Woman
stone marking summer solstice
in the round
ancient city in Anatolia, TUrkey
Catal Huyuk
beam used to span an opening
heel stone
most recent Paleolithic discovery
Menhir
used by Paleolithic painters to represent a more comprehensive view of an animal
twisted perspective
a pair of monoliths topped with a lintel
trilithon
a Paleolithic cave relief
Vallon-Pont-d'Arc

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