Glossary of Biomedical Science Final
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- What is true about HIV?
- It is the acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
- What sign(s)/symptom(s) are seen in HIV infected individuals?
- Usually none, night sweats, fatigue, oral problems, vaginal infections, fever, skin rash, diarrehea, swollen glands, weight loss, adenopathy
- For a person to be diagnosed with AIDS, what must be true?
- confirmed HIV/AIDS, 200 or less T-Cell count, imunocompromised status, prescence of oppurtunistic infection or AIDS
- Describe the Clinical Syndrom of HIV.
- Pneumocytosis Carini Pnemonia (PCP)/Cytomegalovirus/Herpes, Malignancies/Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS)/Lymphoma, Neurological Deficits/Dementia (memory loss)
- How is HIV spread?
- HIV is spread when infected bodily fluids are introduced directly into the blood stream of an uninfected person.
- List exanples of modes of transmission of the HIV virus.
- sexual (oral, vaginal, anal), sharing IV equipment, perinatal
- What is the risk of HIV transmission dependent on?
- concentration of infected fluid, quantity of fluid, access of infected fluid to T4 cells
- Which fluids demonstrates a high risk of transmission of HIV virus?
- semen, blood, vaginal secretion, pre-ejaculation, cerebral spinal fluid (CSF), menstral fluid
- Which bodily secretions contain a low concentration of HIV?
- tears, snot, urine, saliva
- What is the most effective way to prevent contracting the HIV virus?
- What would be considered an alternative to risky behaviours?
- holding hands, hugging, outercourse, masturbation, cuddling
- What would Ms. Singh recommend as the least effective way to reduce risk?
- universal precautions (all bodily fluids are treated as if they are infectious), safer sex, barrier methods (condoms, latex glove), spermicides/microbicides, avoidance of alcohol or drug use, negotiation and communicate, resisting peer pressure
- When purchasing condoms to use as a barrier method, what would you most likely consider?
- latex or polyrethane, expiration date, lot number, air pockets, lubricant
- What is considered the window perios for HIV?
- the time between infection and testing positive for HIV
- Why is it important to get tested?
- increases access to medical care, protect others, protect infected person from diseases
- How is HIV treated? Can it be cured at this time?
- medications, rehab/ no cure or vaccinations
- Can you get HIV if you:
- stand up during sex?
- have sex during a woman's period?
- have sex with a virgin?
- do not have an orgasm?
- pull out?
- Is AIDS considered a disability under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act)?
- Is it a liability for knowingly transmitting HIV?
- What are some reasons why people make the food choices they do?
- personal preferance, habit, ethnic heritage, social interaction, availability, emotional comfort
- What unit is energy measured in?
- kilacalories of energy
- 1 calorie = _____ kcal
- 1 g of carb. = _____ kcal of energy
- 1 g of fat = _____ kcal of energy
- 1 g of protein = _____ kcal of energy
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