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Glossary of Biology Exploring Life Chapter 2 Science of Biology

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Observation
the use of the senses to gather information about structures and processes
Data
recorded observaton, items of information; need to be clearly organized, consistently recorded and reliable
Science
derived from the Latin word "to know"
Inquiry
The process of investigation with thoughtful questions leading to a search for answers.
Qualitative
data in the form of descriptions
Quantitative
observation recorded as measurements
Discovery Science
describes natural structures or processes as accurately as possible through careful observation and data collection
Inference
A logical conclusion based on observations
controlled experiment
experiment that tests the effect of a single variable
generalization
general conclusion
hypothesis
suggested, testable answer to a well-defined scientific question
variable
any factor in an experiment that is not constant (any factor that can change)
evidence
collected body of data from observations and experiments
theory
well-tested explanation that makes sense of a great variety of scientific observations
A scientific hypothesis must be falsifiable
there must be some observation or experiment that could reveal if such a hypothesis is false.
model
physical, mental, or mathematical representation of how people understand a process or an idea
technology
application of scientific understanding for a specific purpose
induction
reasoning from specific observations to broader generalizations
deduction
demonstrating that an idea applies in nature or moving from hypothesis to prediction. Poses conclusions as in predicting outcomes of experiments

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