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Glossary of Biology Chapter 11 2

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VOCAB : The scientific study of heredity
Genetics
VOCAB : When male and female reproductive cells join
Fertilization
VOCAB : If they were allowed to self-pollinate, they would produce offspring identical to themselves. [ they would be .. ]
True - breeding
VOCAB : a specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height, that varies from one individual to another.
Trait
VOCAB : The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Hybrids
VOCAB : Chemical factors that determine traits
Genes
VOCAB : Different forms of a gene
alleles
What does the principle of dominance state?
That some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
VOCAB : seperation
segregation
VOCAB : sex cells
gametes
VOCAB : the likelihood that a particular event will occur
probability
The principles of probablity can be used to predict the outcomes of ____ ____
genetic crosses
VOCAB : organisms that have two identical alleles for a particular trait
homozygous
VOCAB : organisms that have two different alleles for the same trait
heterozygous
VOCAB : physical characteristics
phenotype

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