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Glossary of Biology 120 Dr. Bell

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Nucleus
store DNA
Cytoplasm
many chemical reactions, site of some protein synthesis
Membranes
form compartments
Ribosomes and RNA
protein synthesis tools(make proteins)
Rough E.R.
site of protein synthesis for Rough E.R., Golgi Appartus, cell membrane, lysosome, cell exterior
Smooth E.R.
site of lipid synthesis, detoxification of certain poisons
Golgi Apparatus
sorting of proteins from Rough E.R., processing of the proteins
Mitochondria
site of ATP synthesis using nutrients
Chloroplasts
site of ATP synthesis using light, sight of sugar synthesis
Lysosomes
recycle debris from exterior and old organelles (plants use vacuoles)

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