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Glossary of Biologists, Geologists, Physicists, and Chemists

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Who was the Swiss-born American who first introduced the idea of the Ice Age?
Agassiz, Jean
Who was the oceanographer who developed the aqualung, bathyscaph, and underwater photography techniques?
Cousteau, Jacques
Who drilled the first oil well and developed geological methods to find oil?
Drake, Edwin
Who developed the theory of sea-floor spreading?
Hess, Harry
Who mapped the current running along the coast of Peru and identified the Jurassic period?
Humboldt, Alexander
Who wrote "Principles of Geology" and was one of the first to postulate that the earth was millions of years old?
Lyell, Charles
Who said that "The present is the key to the past", proposed the idea of uniformitarianism, and was the founder of modern geology and geomorphology?
Hutton, James
Who developed a scale to measure the intensity of earth quakes?
Mercalli, Giuseppe
Who developed a scale to meaure the magnitude of earth quakes?
Richter
Who was the Yugoslavian who discovered that earthquake waves change as they travel just below the earth's crust?
Mohorovicic, Andrija
Who was the first to classify minerals on hardness?
Mohs, Friedrich
Who formulated the idea of continental drift?
Wegener
This Italian physicist had the unit of electrical potential named after him.
Volta, Alessandro
(volt, V)
This French mathematician and physicist had the unit of electrical flow named after him.
Ampere, Andre M.
(ampere, A)
This Scottish engineer and inventor had the unit of electrical power named after him.
Watt, James
(watt, W)
This German physicist had the unit of electrical resistance named after him.
Ohm, Georg S.
(ohm, V/A)
This German physicist had the reverse of his last name used for the common term of electrical conductivity
Ohm, Georg S.
(mho, A/V)
This English chemist and physicist had the unit of electrical capacitance named after him.
Faraday, Michael
(farad, F)
This French physicist had the unit of electrical charge named after him.
Coulomb, Charles A.
(coulomb, C)
This Scottish physicist had the unit of magnetic flux named after him.
Maxwell, James C.
(maxwell, Mx)
This German physicist had the unit of the frequency of electromagnetic waves named after him.
Hertz, Heinrich R.
(hertz, Hz)
This German physicist had the unit of magnetic flux named after him.
Weber, Wilhelm E.
(weber, Wb)
This Yugoslavian-born, American electrical inventor had the unit of magnetic flux density named after him.
Tesla, Nikola
(tesla, T)
This American physicist and inventor had the unit of inductance named after him.
Henry, Joseph.
(henry, H)
This German mathematician had the unit of magnetic field intensity named after him.
Gauss, Karl F.
(gauss, G)
These French physicists had the unit of radium radiation named after them.
Curie, Marie and Pierre
(curie, Ci)
This German physicist had the unit of radiation named after him.
Roentgen, Wilhelm K.
(roentgen, R)
This Danish physicist had the unit of magnetic field intensity named after him.
Oersted, Hans C.
(oersted, Oe)
This English natural philosopher had the unit of force named after him.
Newton, Sir Isaac
(newton, N)
This French natural philosopher and mathematician had the unit of force or pressure named after him.
Pascal, Blaise
(pascal, Pa)
This Italian physicist and mathematician had the unit of atmospheric pressure named after him.
Torricelli, Evangelista
(torr)
This English physicist had the unit of energy named after him.
Joule, James P.
(joule, J)
This Swedish physicist had the unit of length equal to 10 to the negative 8 power in centimeters (to specify radiation wavelengths) named after him.
Angstrom, Anders J.
(angstrom, A)
This French pharmacist (yes, pharmacist) had the scale of liquid densities named after him.
Baume, Antoine
(Baume, Be)
This German physicist had a unit of temperature named after him.
Fahrenheit, Gabriel D.
(Fahrenheit, F)
This Swedish astronomer had a unit of temperature named after him.
Celsius, Anders
(Celsius, C)
This British physicist had a unit of temperature named after him.
Lord Kelvin / Thomson, William
(Kelvin, K)
This Italian physicist had the element with atomic number 100 named after him because he was 100% awesome!
Fermi, Enrico
(fermium, Fe)
These French physicists had the element with atomic number 96 named after them. Working together, they were only 96% awesome.
Curie, Pierre and Marie
(curium, Cm)
This German-born American physicist had the element with atomic number 99 named after him. He was only 99% awesome.
Einstein, Albert
(einsteinium, E)
This Russian chemist had the element with atomic number 101 named after him. He was 101% awesome because he invented the periodic table.
Mendeleev, Dmitri I.
(mendelevium, Mv)
This Swedish inventor had the element with atomic number 102 named after him. He was 102% awesome, with the prize.
Nobel, Alfred B.
(nobelium, No)

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