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Glossary of Bio Chapter 10 Test

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Cell Division
the process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Mitosis
the first stage, division of the cells nucleus
Cytokinesis
the second stage, division of the cytoplasm
Chromatids
the two identical parts of a chromosome
Centromeres
what the chromatids are attached to
Interphase
the in-between period
Cell Cycle
the series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
Prophase
the first and longest stage of mitosis
Centrioles
two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm near the nuclear envelope, separate to take up postitions on the opposite sides of the nucleus
Spindle
a fanlike microtubule structure that helps separtate the chromosomes
Metaphase
second phase of mitosis
Anaphase
third stage of mitosis
Telophase
fourth and final stage of mitosis
Cyclin
a protein that regulates the timing of the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells
Cancer
a disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth

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