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Glossary of Bio 4-3 Compounds of Life

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What are the four groups of organic compounds?
carbohydrates, lipids. proteins, and nucleic acids
What are the simplest carbs?
monosaccharides
The joining of 2 sugars
dehydration synthesis
large molecules formed by joining together many monossaccaride units
polysaccaride
reverse reaction of dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
organic compounds that are oily or waxy
lipids
organic coumpounds that contain N, H, C, and O. Polymers of amino acids
proteins
covalent bond that joins 2 amino acids
peptide bond
substance that speeds up chemical reactions
catalyst
The region where substrates bind to enzymes
active site

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