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Glossary of Bienvenidos ch 1

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What is a noun? In Spanish every noun is either ________ or __________. This is called g_______.
A noun is a person, place or thing. In Spanish every noun is either masculine or feminine. This is called gender.
Almost all nouns that end in _____are masculine and almost all nouns that end in _____are feminine.
Almost all nouns that end in o are masculine and almost all nouns that end in a are feminine.
What is a definite article? What does it refer to? Give 2 examples.
In English "the" is the definite article. "The" refers to a specific person or thing. Examples: the boy, the girl
You use the definite article ______ before a masculine noun and ____ before a feminine noun.
el
la
the girl
the boy
la muchacha
el muchacho
----- muchacho
-----muchacha
-----alumno
-----alumna
el muchacho
la muchacha
el alumno
la alumna
la
----- colegio
----- colegia
el colegio
la colegia
Match with el or la
mentira
abuelo
altura
la mentira
el abuelo
la altura
What is the indefinite article?
The definite article is 'a" or"an" in English and "un" or"una" in Spanish.
There are masculine and feminine versions in Spanish but not English.
When you you use the indefinite article when speaking about a non-specific person or thing. Give examples in English using "boy" and "school."
a boy
a school

(Using the definite article: the boy, the school. Definite articles refer to something or someone specific.)
a or an/indeifinte article
---muchacha
---escuela
---colegio
una muchacha
una escuela
un colegio
Bonus question: What is the grammar rule about indefinite articles?
You use the INDEFINITE ARTICLE un before a masculine noun and una before a feminine noun.
What is an adjective? Which word in the sentence is an adjective? El muchacho es rubio. La alumna es seria.
An ADJECTIVE describes a person or thing. The words "rubio" and "seria" are the adjectives.
What is the adjective rule? Many adjectives end in ----if they are masculine and ----if they are feminine.
In Spanish an adjective must agree in GENDER with the noun it describes or modifies. Many adj end in o in masculine and a in feminine.
What is wrong with this phrase:
una muchacho timida
una muchacha timida
uno muchacho timido

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