Glossary of BibleLitFinal
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- Source (Book) of the manger
- Source (Book) of the star
- Source of Bethelehem for nativity
- Source of the Shepherds
- Source of Virgin Birth
- 7 bowls
- The seven bowls represent the 7 wraths of God that will occur on the Day of the Lord. These are different sorts of judgments and plagues.
- 7 heads
- The 7 heads represent the seven hills, or provinces, in Rome.
- 7 seals
- The seven seals are made up of four horses of destruction (Apocalypse) and 3 seals of judgment:
White horse represents conquering power that none can resist (the spreading of the word).
Pale green horse represents pestilence and death.
Black horse represents famine (measuring or scales, justice).
Red horse represents bloodshed and war.
5th seal - appeal for divine justice and retribution by the martyrs and heavenly response to their plea (dying for God = reward when?)
6th seal - earthquake, destruction?
7th seal - opening leads to an awesome and reverent silence, as response to divine judgment
So what the hell are they? Horses or seals?
- 7 trumpets
- The 7 trumpets are 7 wake-up calls that happen in the form of plagues or disasters. The purpose of the trumpets is to call the Church to holiness. It’s a wake-up call (Revelation 3:3) for the Bride to make herself ready for Christ to return. The 1st 6 trumpets unleash new convulsions of nature, patterned after the plagues inflicted on Egypt in the book of Exodus. 4 trumpets of destruction + 3 trumpets of woe.
- Acts of the Apostles
- The devil derives from Greek ho diablos "the slanderer." The adversary is hebrew for satan, or Ha-Satan. The adversary can be a person or heavenly being who forces someone to consider the purpose or worth of their actions (accuser or enemy or angel from heaven to do good).
- Hebrew for "young woman"
- Alpha and Omega
- First and last letters of the Greek alphabet, spoken in the book of Revelation to John as the self-disclosure of God. Letters of the Greek alphabet could have numerical value, though in Revelation the focus is on the full scope of divine concern and control. Refers to God's place at the beginning of the world, as its creator, and at the ends, as its judge.
- Derives from Greek apokalypsis, apo "from" + kalyptein "to unveil." An apocalypse is a divine revelation of what has been hidden from humanity.
- Aquedah (Binding)
- Readers have recognized in the victim's act of carrying the crossbar a parallel with Isaac's gathering the wood for his own death.
- Bearing Fruit
- The theme of Matthew is that salvation and redemption are not automatic simply because one belongs to God's "chosen people." Jesus is baptized as an example to the people. He is reminding them that they have accepted what God promised in the covenant he made with Abraham.
- Latin for "blessed." Refers to Zechariah's praise in Luke.
- Domitian was a flavian and succeeded Titus in CE 81 until CE 96. Many scholars see Revelation as a response to the enforcement on Christians of Dominitian's demand for worship as "Lord and God."
The beast is Satan working on behalf of Domitian, who has demanded to be worshipped as a god. 666= unholy trinity as Domitian's evil nature.
- The red dragon is representative of Rome with 7 heads and 10 horns. Red is used because it is the color of Rome and the commonly seen but unexplained color of our professor. The dragon (Satan) tries to snatch the dragon. After being defeated by a river, he persecutes the Christians.
- Mother of John the Baptist. She was barren, and John's birth was first announced by a heavenly messenger. Greek version of Hebrew Elisheba, which means "God of the oath."
- The Eucharist is the Christian sacrament of communion. Here, the bread and wine is turned into the body and blood of Christ and consumed. "Take, eat, this is my body.... Take, drink, this is my blood.... Do this in remembrance of me." It is actually believed that they are consuming the body and blood of Christ, and so a lot of early onlookers to Christianity believed they were cannibals. Found in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and Paul's First Corinthians.
- Gematria is Jewish numerology. It is used by John to substitute numbers (666) for the name of the evil one. The name must be translated into Hebrew, and then the numbers will add up to 666. Gematria is often used for Nero and Domition, although it is believed that Domition was the true beast.
- Gospel According to Luke handout. Pg 4 (Witness to the Gentiles)?
- Hebrew for "The Adversary." In the OT, satan can refer to any human who plays the role of an accuser or enemy. During 2nd century B.C.E., ha Satan associated w/ demon simply called Satan. Depending on context, ha Satan is either someone sent to test humans or a demon.
- Holy Spirit
- The 10 horns represent the 10 rulers of Rome. They considered themselves to be Gods, so the horns had "blasphemes" on them.
- Reading one text in the context of another ("between texts).
- Immaculate Conception
- From latin immaculata conceptio. The latin verb maculare means "to stain," so immaculata means "without stain," i.e. sinless. Church doctrine believes that Mary was born sinless into the womb of St. Anne. In 1854, Pope Pious IX proclaimed "The Most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, savior of the human race, preserved immune from all stain of original sin."
??Reference to John the Baptist's conception by Elizabeth, a barren woman. A heavenly messenger announced his birth.??
Jesus and John were also immaculately concepted (I made up that word)
- Jesus represents what two specific types in the Bible?
- No freaking idea, but here's what I got so far. You can pick what you like best ;)
1. King Hezekiah. It is believed that the prophecies for a virgin birth were talking about Hezekiah, not Jesus.
2. Moses - both Moses and Jesus attempted to bring the Israelites to the promised land, but only Jesus succeeded.
3. Jesus is able to walk on water like Moses, Elijah, and Elisha.
- Jesus was probably born before what date?
- Jesus and John must have been born by 4 B.C.E. (before the end of the reign of Herod)
- John represents what specific type in the Bible?
- ??Apocalyptic figure who was preparing Israel for the Eschaton??
- John's job
- Details of John's behavior suggest he was an apocalyptic figure who was preparing Israel for the Eschaton. Some scholars suggest that Jesus was a student of John's. (Luke's nativity p 3)
John baptizes the people to prepare them for God's coming in the form of Jesus. Jews believe Elijah (John) is the messenger who will prepare them for the messianic.
- Joseph represents what specific type in the Bible?
- Because Joseph is the one who, because of his dreams, kept Israel alive, his name is a good choice for the protector of the future Israel (Jesus), a protector to whom God also speaks in dreams.
- Greek Kyrgma means "preaching." In biblical studies it refers specifically to the act of preaching the Gospel.
- Lamb of God
- Lambs were one of the most usual sacrificial animals in ancient Israel. Twice daily a lamb was slaughtered in the Temple (Exodus); a lamb could be offered as a sin offering (Leviticus); each family annually slaughtered a paschal lamb for passover (Exodus).
Jesus becomes the lamb that Abraham in Genesis 22 promises Isaac God will provide.
John the Baptist saw Jesus and said "Here is the lamb of god who takes away the sin or the world."
Revelation uses "lamb" 28 times to describe the risen Jesus as ruler of the world.
- Last Supper
- If I had to choose, Dan Marino's bread.
- Greek for "study", something I should be doing but am not doing because it's funner to type pointless notes. This is all your fault. To hit an all-time high of nerddom, we are only communicating via flashcards from now on. Doing so also enhances my already all-mighty superhero powers.
- Luke's job
- Extra-biblical texts depict Luke as a doctor from Antioch, a companion to Paul.
Later traditions say he was a painter and the first to paint Mary.
- Luke 1:46-56 is known as the Magnificat b/c Mary says, "My soul magnifies the Lord." Her song, derived from 24 biblical texts, recalls all the promises God kept to the people of Israel. For Luke, Jesus is the fulfillment of all those promises.
- "Witness" is the English equivalent of "martyr," which originally had nothing to do with dying for one's cause. Paul was a martyr! So was Jesus! So were probably a bunch of other people, but I haven't found that yet! Anna Nicole Smith was a stripper! So was Martha! So were a bunch of other people!
Why are you typing like this! Does this excite you!
- Matthew's profession
- Tax collector.
- New Decalogue
- Greek for "Ten Words" after Hebrew debarim ("the ten").
- New Jerusalem
- Jesus shall rule the New Jerusalem who here fits the popular messianic role (warrior-king).
- means the presence of Christ. In the Greek language parousia means "presence," and in the ancient Greco-Roman world it referred to official visits by royalty. It was appropriated by Christians as a specialized term for Jesus' glorious presence on earth—primarily his final return at the end of the world, but also his return upon the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem.
*I couldn't find this in our notes, so I got this from the internet, so we're probably on our way to F-land.
**YOU got this from the internet. You're going to hell you plagarist. I'm having no part of this. Be gone you heathen!
- Greek for "virgin"
- On the tenth of the first month, take a lamb and on the fourteenth, slaughter it. Smear its blood on the doorposts. Angel of death will kill every 1stborn in Egypt w/o the bloody doorpost. Passover lamb sacrificed on the day of Unleavened Bread. The cup that is poured out for you is THE NEW COVENANT IN MY BLOOD.
- Penal colony in the Greek islands where author may have been banished to for Christian beliefs or traveled to as evangelist. Rather than receiving a new revelation, the author primarily reinterprets apocalyptic statements from Scripture (canonical and non-canonical).
- Paul's job
- Pharisee who later became a missionary.
- Stories or events that occur in more than one Gospel. Greek for "To cut around." The # and order of these pericopes in the four Gospels is often different.
- The hypothetical source of the sayings of Jesus is known as Q, a German word meaning "source." Q has never been found, but because the Gospels often contain the same sayings but different pericopes, a list of Jesus' sayings must have been circulated at the time of the Gospels' composition.
- Q for Quelle.
- Sermon on the Mount
- Appears in Matthew as a new Decalogue. Jesus speaks from a mountain and makes 10 statements.
- Tau Cross
- Crucifixion w/ a crossbar is known as the Tau (after the Greek letter T) or St. Anthony's cross. Prisoner had to carry crossbar on his back to place of execution.
- The Beast
- The beast from the sea combines the powers of the 4 beasts and represents the Roman Empire, incited by the dragon to oppress the saints. The beast from the earth, associated with the false prophet, enforces emperor worship and produces great signs or portents to deceive the people. 1st beast= Rome. 2nd beast=emperor.
- The Great Whore
- A symbol that builds both on the fact that cities were grammatically constructed as feminine and on the Hebrew prophets' metaphorical references to cities and nations as brides, wives or harlots.
- The Seven Hills
- The seven hills are the seven heads of the beast. These are symbols for the seven provinces of Rome.
- Revelation given by God in person.
- Dedication of Luke's two volume work to a Greek patron. In a clear attempt to root Jesus in history, Luke tells Theophilus he is writing a diegesis (narrative).
- Greek typos "to stamp" and logos "study," typology is the study of biblical types.
- Zechariah is the name of more than 30 men in the Bible and means "Yahweh remembers".
- Sempre Virgo
- Sempre virgo is the latin equivalent of ?. It involves three stages:
1. Virginitas ante partum - virgin before birth. This is a reference to Mary's virginal state at the time of conception. The church believes that jesus was fathered by God, who "breated" (Greek pneuma) life into her. This is known as pneumatological conception. Genesis - Yahweh breathes spirit into the world.
2. virginitas durante partu - virgin during the bringing forth (a reference to Mary's hymen). The preservation of the bodily integrity of Mary. Because Mary is sempre virgio (always a virgin), Jesus must not have emerged from her birth canal. Apparently no labor pains, no amniotic fluid, or placenta were involved either.
3. Virginitas post partum - virgin after bringing forth (a reference to Mary's eternal virginity despite having other children like Jesus' twin brother Thomas.
*Panagia - in the Greek speaking Eastern Church, Mary is the Pan Hagios (All Holy).
- The Seven Churches
- The Revelation to John was addressed to seven churches in the Roman province of Asia. The letters to these churches present a picture of diversity in Christianity. Each letter is specific and contains praise and criticism, warning and encouragement as appropriate.
The letters are part of the opening vision of Revelation where John saw the heavenly Son of man surrounded by seven lampstands, which were the seven churches.
- Greek for "virgin birth"
- Church celebrates Mary as the Aie ("Ever") parthenos ("virgin").
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