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Glossary of Beinvenidos chapter 3

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What is a verb?
A verb expresses an action or a state of being.
In Spanish all verbs belong to a family or ______.
In Spanish all verbs belong to a family or CONJUGATION.
Verbs that end in -ar are called ______ _______ verbs.
Verbs that end in -ar are called first cvonjugation verbs. The infinitive form (to) ends in -ar. These are also called regular verbs--they follow a pattern.
Which of the following are -ar verbs?
ilegar, tomar, entrar, hablar, estudiar, mirar
All of the verbs on the list are -ar verbs.
To form the present tense you drop the ____ to form the ___, and then add appropriate _____.
To form the present tense you drop the -ar, to form the stem, and then add appropriate endings to the stem.
What is the stem of hablar?
habl
What is the stem of entrar?
entr
What is an infinitive?
The form of the verb that means TO something...to speak, to sit, to shave, to fish.
Conjugate hablar: yo_____
What is the ending?
yo habla
The ending is "-o"
Conjugate hablar: tu ____
What is the ending?
tu hablas
The ending is "-as"
Conjugate hablar: el ________
What is the ending?
el habla
The ending is "-a"
Conjugate hablar: ella _________
What is the ending?
ella habla
The ending is "-a"
Since the verb ending shows who is performing the action, the subject prounoun is often ______. (Yo) Hablo ingles.
Since the verb ending shows who is performing the action, the subject pronoun is often omitted. (Tu) Estudias espagnol.
To make a sentence negative, you put ___ in front of the verb.

I don't speak Spanish.
To make a sentence negative, you put no in front of the verb. No hablo espanol.
In Spanish there are 2 ways to say "you". You use ____ when talking to a friend, a person your own age, or to a family member. ____ is called the informal or familiar form of address.
In Spanish there are 2 ways to say "you." You use tu when talking to a friend, a person your own age, or to a family member. Tu is called the informal or familiar form of address.
Jose, ?[study] espanol?
Jose, ?estudias espanol?
Catalina, ? a que hora [do you arrive] a la escuela?
Catalina, a que hora llegas a la escuela?
Roberto, [you speak] espanol muy bien.
Roberto, hablas espanol muy bien.
You use _____when talking to an older person, a person you don't know well or someone you wish to show respect to.
You use usted when talking to an older person, a person you don't know well or someone you wish to show respect to.
The ____form is called polite or formal. It is abbreviated ____.
The usted form is called polite or formal. It is abbreviated Ud. Remember that the plural is Ustedes (Uds.)
Usted (Ud.) takes the same verb ending as ---- and -----.
Usted (Ud.) takes the same verb ending as el or ella.
Senora,----- ------[you are] muy amable.
Senora, Ud. es muy amable.
Yo _______americano (a) pero ____espanol. (ser, hablar)
Yo soy americano, pero hablo espanol.
Si tu ____americano (a), ?como es que ______espanol? (ser, hablar)
Si tu eres americano(a), ?como es que hablas espanol?
Pues, yo ____un curson con un professor que ____muy bueno. (tomar, ser)
Pues, yo tomo un curson con professor que es muy bueno.

Tomar means to take

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